An enhanced Kashida-based watermarking approach for increased protection in Arabic text-documents based on frequency recurrence of characters

@inproceedings{Kabir2014AnEK,
  title={An enhanced Kashida-based watermarking approach for increased protection in Arabic text-documents based on frequency recurrence of characters},
  author={M. Kabir and Y. Alginahi and O. Tayan},
  year={2014}
}
With text being the predominant communication medium on the internet, more attention is required to secure and protect text information. In this work, an invisible watermarking technique based on Kashida-marks is proposed. The watermarking key is predefined whereby a Kashida is placed for a bit 1 and omitted for a bit 0. Kashidas are inserted in the text before a specific list of characters until the entire key is embedded. Two variations to the proposed method were developed, based on the… Expand
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