An empirical study of race times in recreational endurance runners

  title={An empirical study of race times in recreational endurance runners},
  author={Andrew Julian Vickers and Emily A Vertosick},
  journal={BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation},
BackgroundStudies of endurance running have typically involved elite athletes, small sample sizes and measures that require special expertise or equipment.MethodsWe examined factors associated with race performance and explored methods for race time prediction using information routinely available to a recreational runner. An Internet survey was used to collect data from recreational endurance runners (N = 2303). The cohort was split 2:1 into a training set and validation set to create models… 

The Determinants of Marathon Performance: An Observational Analysis of Anthropometric, Pre-race and In-race Variables.

A marathoners' training history accounts for the greatest variance in their overall performance, followed by the pragmatism of their target finish time and their in-race pace variance.

Running Pace Percentile Values for Brazilian Non-Professional Road Runners

Establishing sex-specific percentile curves and values for the running pace of Brazilian non-professional runners could help coaches during training programs and runners to better understand “how well” they are comparing against their peers.

Prediction of performance by heart rate-derived parameters in recreational runners

Tests based on %HRmax may provide a non-invasive and inexpensive alternate method for predicting the performance of these athletes, as measured by peak treadmill speed (PTS) and personal best IAAF score.

Peak Running Velocity or Critical Speed Under Field Conditions: Which Best Predicts 5-km Running Performance in Recreational Runners?

This study aimed to examine which variable, between the peak running velocity determined on the track field (Vpeak_TF) and critical speed (CS), is the best predictor of the 5-km running performance

Are Individual and Environmental Characteristics Associated With Running Performance in Female Runners of Different Age Categories?

Information about the role of constraints, and their relationships, in female runners’ performance can be used to guide the development of projects/strategies aiming to increase their involvement in physical activities and sports practice, through the promotion of a more “friendly environment” to women, and providing support for decision-makers when suggesting/implementing public policies.


Men showed a tendency towards greater intensity and volume of race training, in addition to longer running time, which are predisposing factors for injury, which may explain the greater number of different injuries reported in the male group, as well as the longer layoff periods.

Session Rating of Perceived Exertion Combined With Training Volume for Estimating Training Responses in Runners.

It is found that the use of an internal training-load measure (sRPE) in combination with external load (training duration) provided a more individualized estimate of week-to-week changes in overall training stress.

Do Sex Differences in Physiology Confer a Female Advantage in Ultra-Endurance Sport?

The aim is to provide a balanced discussion of the female versus male predisposition to ultra-endurance sport, and summarizes the sex-based differences in physiological functions and draws attention to those which likely determine success in extreme exercise endeavors.

Validity of Recreational Marathon Runners’ Self-Reported Anthropometric Data

The disagreement between self-reported and measured anthropometric data in the present sample was lower than has been previously reported for the general population, suggesting that marathon runners may more accurately self-perceive and/or report their anthropometric characteristics.

Discriminant Analysis of Anthropometric and Training Variables among Runners of Different Competitive Levels

In both sexes, semi-professional runners were those that better self-classify themselves, with amateur runners presenting the highest classification error.



Predictor variables for a half marathon race time in recreational male runners

Variant variables of both anthropometry and training were related to half marathon race time in recreational male half marathoners and cannot be reduced to one single predictor variable.

Predictor Variables for Marathon Race Time in Recreational Female Runners

Variables of both anthropometry and training were related to marathon race time in recreational female marathoners and cannot be reduced to one single predictor variable.

Variables predictive of performance in elite middle-distance runners.

Investigating possible factors which may account for differences in performance times within a closely-matched group of elite distance runners suggests that age, weight, % body fat, VO2 max, aerobic threshold (AerT), and anaerobic threshold deserve attention as potential predictors of performance.

Sex differences in performance-matched marathon runners

Apart from the well-known variation in height and differences in the percentage of fat, the difference between performance-matched male and female marathon runners seemed primarily to be found in running economy and amount of training.

Could women outrun men in ultramarathon races?

The hypothesis that women ultramarathon runners have greater fatigue resistance than do equally trained men whose performances are superior up to the marathon distance supports the hypothesis that men ran faster than the women over 5 to 42.2 km.

Intervals, Thresholds, and Long Slow Distance: the Role of Intensity and Duration in Endurance Training

Endurance training involves manipulation of intensity, duration, and frequency of training sessions. The relative impact of short, high-intensity training versus longer, slower distance training has

Do gender differences in running performance disappear with distance?

There was a significant slope to the speed difference across distances in that longer distances were associated with greater differences, and the proposed metabolic advantage for women because of increased fat metabolism may be masked by regular feeding during endurance races.

Relationship of critical velocity to marathon running performance

  • S. FlorenceJ. Weir
  • Medicine
    European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology
  • 1997
Preliminary data indicate that the CV test may be an attractive field test for assessing marathon performance capabilities, and correlated more highly with marathon time than either O2peak or Thvent.

Age, Sex, and Finish Time as Determinants of Pacing in the Marathon

It is concluded that older, women, and faster are better pacers than younger, men, and slower marathoners, respectively, and coaches can use these findings to overcome such tendencies and increase the odds of more optimal pacing.

Running Performance Differences between Men and Women

Women’s times have now reached a plateau similar to that observed for men at comparative performance milestones in the marathon, and the gap in running performances between men and women is unlikely to narrow naturally.