An empirical refutation of the direct realist theory of perception

  title={An empirical refutation of the direct realist theory of perception},
  author={John Smythies and Vilayanur S. Ramachandran},
  journal={Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines},
There are currently two main philosophical theories of perception ‐ Direct Realism and the Representative Theory. The former is supported by most contemporary philosophers, whereas the latter forms the groundwork for most scientific theories in this area. The paper describes a recent experiment involving retinal and cortical rivalry that provides strong empirical evidence that the Direct Realist theory is incorrect. There are of course a large number of related experiments on visual perception… 
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  • 2005
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  • 1996
It is reported that purified RNA from the 3' untranslated region of human alpha-tropomyosin can inhibit in vitro translation in a manner consistent with activation of PKR, suggesting that activation ofPKR could be the mechanism by which tropomyos in 3'UTR RNA exerts its tumor-suppression activity in vivo.