An empirical investigation of campus demographics and reported rapes

  title={An empirical investigation of campus demographics and reported rapes},
  author={Jacquelyn D. Wiersma-Mosley and Kristen N. Jozkowski and Taylor Martinez},
  journal={Journal of American College Health},
  pages={482 - 491}
ABSTRACT Objective: Rape on college campuses continues to be a pervasive public health issue with approximately 11% of women experiencing rape while in college. As such, it is important to examine factors unique to college campuses that influence the occurrences of rape. Methods: Using data from 1,423 four-year universities (public and private with at least 1,000 students) from the Office of Education and the Clery Act (2014), we examined institutional risk factors, such as tuition, liquor… 

Do Party Schools Report Higher Rates of Violence Against Women in Their Clery Data? A Latent Class Analysis

Smaller schools reported the lowest rates of violence against women (VAW), whereas private schools had significantly higher reported rapes, which have important implications for the types of campuses seem to be abiding by Clery law and reporting crimes that involve VAW.

A Brief Report of Sexual Violence among Universities with NCAA Division I Athletic Programs

Findings have important implications for targeting higher risk campuses, such as the Big 10, Big 12, Ivy League, Pac-12, and SEC with much needed sexual assault prevention programs.

A Systematic Review of Campus Characteristics Associated With Sexual Violence and Other Forms of Victimization.

Violence researchers have highlighted a need to understand connections between campus characteristics and violent victimization among students. Responding to those calls, we systematically reviewed

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College students' exposure to messages about campus dating and sexual violence (DSV) is investigated to discover classes of students based on the message source, with some subgroups of students having high exposure to various sources of messages about DSV while others have low exposure.

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Findings from the current studies suggest that institutional factors (e.g., campus climate) may serve as a barrier to disclosure, and Greek-life members reported lower mental health.

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Fraternity members with unofficial houses were more accepting of sexual violence than nonmembers, whereas fraternity members with official houses were exposed to more IPV prevention messages than nonmember.

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Campus sexual misconduct is both a public policy and a public health problem; the role of data and data-driven decision-making in crafting evidenced-based solutions must be advanced.

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Analysis of campus-related factors across 524 four-year campuses in the United States suggests that the type of athletic program, the number of students who live on campus, and the institution’s alcohol policy were all found to be related to reported sexual assaults.

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Rape Myth Beliefs and Bystander Attitudes Among Incoming College Students

  • S. McMahon
  • Education
    Journal of American college health : J of ACH
  • 2010
Bystander intervention programs should include content on rape myths as well as focus on the role of gender, which was negatively related to willingness to intervene.

Correlates of rape while intoxicated in a national sample of college women.

The high proportion of rapes found to occur when women were intoxicated indicates the need for alcohol prevention programs on campuses that address sexual assault, both to educate men about what constitutes rape and to advise women of risky situations.

Sexual Assault on Campus: A Multilevel, Integrative Approach to Party Rape

This article explains why rates of sexual assault remain high on college campuses. Data are from a study of college life at a large midwestern university involving nine months of ethnographic

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There has been ongoing debate on how women are counted when they do not acknowledge as rapes experiences that are characterized by the key components of rape. This article explores this

The Longitudinal Effects of a Rape-prevention Program on Fraternity Men's Attitudes, Behavioral Intent, and Behavior

  • J. Foubert
  • Psychology
    Journal of American college health : J of ACH
  • 2000
Although no evidence of change in sexually coercive behavior was found, significant 7-month declines in rape myth acceptance and the likelihood of committing rape were shown among program participants, and implications of using the men's program for rape-prevention programming are discussed.

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A serious concern is the disparity between the number of those who met the behavioral criteria for rape victimization based on the current legal definition, but who did not self-identify as a victim.

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If found to generalize to other campus populations, the role of hooking up in sexual assault should be added to systems-based models of sexual assault and to educational prevention programs.