An empirical examination of self-reported work stress among U.S. managers.

@article{Cavanaugh2000AnEE,
  title={An empirical examination of self-reported work stress among U.S. managers.},
  author={Marcie A. Cavanaugh and Wendy R. Boswell and Mark V. Roehling and John W. Boudreau},
  journal={The Journal of applied psychology},
  year={2000},
  volume={85 1},
  pages={
          65-74
        }
}
This study proposes that self-reported work stress among U.S. managers is differentially related (positively and negatively) to work outcomes depending on the stressors that are being evaluated. Specific hypotheses were derived from this general proposition and tested using a sample of 1,886 U.S. managers and longitudinal data. Regression results indicate that challenge-related self-reported stress is positively related to job satisfaction and negatively related to job search. In contrast… Expand

Tables and Topics from this paper

Predicting well-being in managers: Test of a positive psychology model
Contemporary scholars in vocational, applied, and organizational psychology have emphasized that working must be understood as a relational act with important implications for worker well-being.Expand
What differentiates success from strain: The moderating effects of self-efficacy.
The Nielsen CompanyThe present study aims at examining the moderating effects of self-efficacy onthe stressor-strain relationships among Chinese employees. A self-administered survey method was usedExpand
Self-employment and work-related stress: The mediating role of job control and job demand
Drawing upon the Job Demand-Control (JDC) model, this study investigates differences in work-related stress between the self-employed and wage workers. The JDC model postulates that job demandExpand
What Differentiates Employees' Job Performance Under Stressful Situations: The Role of General Self-Efficacy
TLDR
Findings qualify the two-dimensional challenge–hindrance stressor framework, and support the notion that employees with high self-efficacy benefit more from the positive effect of challenge stressors in the workplace, and enhance the understanding of the job stressor–job performance relationship. Expand
Public service motivation matters: examining the differential effects of challenge and hindrance stressors on organizational identification and turnover intention
ABSTRACT Work-related stress and its employee outcomes are critical phenomena that warrant more research in public administration. Based on the two-dimensional stressor framework, this studyExpand
Relations between stress and work outcomes: The role of felt challenge, job control, and psychological strain
Abstract Recent research on reported work stress indicates stress may not always be deleterious for an individual or organization. Research in this area, however, has not yet examined a variety ofExpand
AM An Investigation on the Self-Level Differences in the Relationships of Work-Family Conflict and Stress among Hospitality Employees
The field survey was conducted to test the hypothesized moderating role of chronic self regulatory focus on the relationships between work – family conflict (WFC) and challenge/hindrance stress. 287Expand
An Investigation on the Self-Level Differences in the Relationships of Work-Family Conflict and Stress among Hospitality Employees
The field survey was conducted to test the hypothesized moderating role of chronic self regulatory focus on the relationships between work – family conflict (WFC) and challenge/hindrance stress. 287Expand
Job-related resources and the pressures of working life.
TLDR
Data from a 2011 representative sample of Canadian workers are used to test the resource versus the stress of higher status hypotheses, and findings tend to favor the resource hypothesis for job autonomy and schedule control, while supporting the stressof higher status for job authority and challenging work. Expand
Motivational Mechanisms in the Relation between Job Characteristics and Employee Functioning
TLDR
Investigating the job demands-resources (JD-R) model in relation to work motivation in a self-determination theory (SDT) perspective indicates that different job resources have different relations to psychological need satisfaction, and that certain types of job demands actually may enhance satisfaction of specific psychological needs. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 62 REFERENCES
Testing the Mediating Processes between Work Stressors and Subjective Well-Being
Abstract This study developed and tested a multivariate model of the process through which work stressors and social support affect subjective well-being. The model was derived from previous theoryExpand
Job and life attitudes of male executives.
TLDR
These results--the first to simultaneously consider job satisfaction, life satisfaction, job stress, and work-family conflict--constitute the most comprehensive evidence to date on executive attitudes. Expand
Burnout in School Psychology
This study examined levels of bumout and relationships between burnout and selected personality characteristics and role expectations in a sample of school psychologists employed as practitioners inExpand
Job Scope and Stress: Can Job Scope Be Too High?
This study examined relationships among job scope, perceived fit between job demands and ability, and stress. Data on scope and stress were provided by 418 full-time employees. Ratings of jobExpand
Occupational Stress, Social Support, Job Control, and Psychological Well-Being
The effects of social support, job control, participative decision making practices, and locus of control upon the relationship between occupational stress and psychological well-being have been wellExpand
The Moderating Effect of Organizational Commitment on the Occupational Stress Outcome Relationship
The study attempted to examine the effect of organizational commitment as a moderator of the stress-outcome relationship. In all, 106 (39 male, 67 female) professional and administrative officersExpand
Why negative affectivity should not be controlled in job stress research: don't throw out the baby with the bath water
In 1987 Watson, Pennebaker, and Folger wrote an in uential paper in which they noted the potential importance of negative a€ectivity (NA) in job stress research, going so far as to suggest theExpand
Job Satisfaction, Mental Health, and Occupational Stress Among Senior Civil Servants
This study found that senior U.K. civil servants were significantly more job dissatisfied and displayed more mental and physical ill health than their private sector counterparts. The main sources ofExpand
JOB SEARCH BEHAVIOR OF EMPLOYED MANAGERS
Job search typically has been thought of as an antecedent to voluntary turnover or job choice. This study extends existing literature by proposing a model of the job search process and examining theExpand
Rationale and Construct Validity Evidence for the Job Search Behavior index: Because intentions (and New Year's Resolutions) Often Come to Naught
Abstract A conceptual framework for the determinants of organizational turnover which identifies five panels of variables—job properties, affective/attitudinal reactions, intentions to leave/stay,Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...