An empirical approach to the study of defense mechanisms: I. Reliability and preliminary validity of the Rorschach Defense scales.

@article{Cooper1988AnEA,
  title={An empirical approach to the study of defense mechanisms: I. Reliability and preliminary validity of the Rorschach Defense scales.},
  author={S. H. Cooper and John C. Perry and D Arnow},
  journal={Journal of personality assessment},
  year={1988},
  volume={52 2},
  pages={187-203}
}
Despite widespread use of the Rorschach for the study of defense mechanisms, few recent Rorschach scales have been developed for the study of defensive functioning. We critically review previous empirical research and describe the Rorschach Defense scales. These scales provide criteria for rating both lower level defense mechanisms, such as splitting and primitive idealization, as well as higher level defenses, such as intellectualization and isolation. The scales utilize a broad range of… CONTINUE READING