An electrophysiological characterization of ventral tegmental area dopaminergic neurons during differential pavlovian fear conditioning in the awake rabbit

@article{Guarraci1999AnEC,
  title={An electrophysiological characterization of ventral tegmental area dopaminergic neurons during differential pavlovian fear conditioning in the awake rabbit},
  author={Fay A. Guarraci and Bruce S. Kapp},
  journal={Behavioural Brain Research},
  year={1999},
  volume={99},
  pages={169-179}
}
Recent research has suggested that the mesencephalic dopaminergic (DA) system is activated by stress. For example, alterations in DA metabolites have been found in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) following footshock and immobilization in the rat [15,37]. Furthermore, this activation appears selective to DA neurons within the VTA since no changes were observed within the substantia nigra [15,16]. While this research suggests that DA neurons in the VTA are activated by aversive events, there has… 
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