An economic analysis of life expectancy by gender with application to the United States.

@article{Leung2004AnEA,
  title={An economic analysis of life expectancy by gender with application to the United States.},
  author={Michael C. M. Leung and Jie Zhang and Junsen Zhang},
  journal={Journal of health economics},
  year={2004},
  volume={23 4},
  pages={737-59}
}
This paper presents an economic model to explain the behavior of life expectancy of both sexes. It explicitly examines the relationship between the gender gap in life expectancy and the gender gap in pay. It shows that as the latter narrows over the course of economic development, the former may initially expand but will eventually shrink. Simulation results from our model accord with the behavior of life expectancy for both sexes since the 1940s in the United States.