An ecological risk assessment for spinosad use on cotton.

  title={An ecological risk assessment for spinosad use on cotton.},
  author={Cheryl B Cleveland and Monte A Mayes and S. A. Cryer},
  journal={Pest management science},
  volume={58 1},
Spinosad is a reduced-risk insecticide with a novel mode of action that provides an alternative to older classes of insecticides such as organophosphates, carbamates and pyrethroids. A comprehensive ecological risk assessment for spinosad use in US cotton crops is presented within a framework of tiered levels of refinement following the guidelines of the US EPA for ecological risk assessments. Toxicity information for a variety of species is documented and utilized, environmental concentrations… CONTINUE READING

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