An evaluation of the functional state of the left ventricle through an estimate of the mean Vcf (Vcf) and the ejection fraction (EF) was made i- 30 patients, subdivided into groups according to average blood pressure rate, degree of severity of the retinographic alterations and ECG pattern. In addition, the thickness of the interventricular septum (S), the posterior wall (PP) and the S/PP were measured. Lastly, the mass of the left ventricle was determined through the following formula: mass = (h1+h2+Dd)3 -- Dd3X1,050. Only one patient was under treatment with beta-blocking drugs, and no patient presented clinical symptoms of cardiac decompensation. The Vcf and the EF did not deteriorize when the hypertensive pattern worsened, while there was an expansion of the thickness of the S and an increase in the mass of the left ventricular. The increase of the ventricular mass, however, was not always found to be associated with normal functionality, nor was an increase of the mass always present even in cases of highly evident hypertension. It is likely, therefore, that other factors not taken into consideration (time factor, for example) play an important role in determining the functional state of the left ventricle and degree of hypertrophy.