An echocardiographic assessment of cardiac morphology and common ECG findings in teenage professional soccer players: reference ranges for use in screening.


OBJECTIVE To assess physiological cardiac adaptation in adolescent professional soccer players. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN Over a 32 month period 172 teenage soccer players were screened by echocardiography and ECG at a tertiary referral cardiothoracic centre. They were from six professional soccer teams in the north west of England, competing in the English… (More)


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