An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor

@article{Fu2015AnEM,
  title={An early modern human from Romania with a recent Neanderthal ancestor},
  author={Qiaomei Fu and Mateja Hajdinjak and Oana Teodora Moldovan and Silviu Constantin and Swapan Mallick and Pontus Skoglund and Nick J. Patterson and Nadin Rohland and Iosif Lazaridis and Birgit Nickel and Bence Viola and Kay Pr{\"u}fer and Matthias Meyer and Janet Kelso and David Reich and Svante P{\"a}{\"a}bo},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2015},
  volume={524},
  pages={216 - 219}
}
Neanderthals are thought to have disappeared in Europe approximately 39,000–41,000 years ago but they have contributed 1–3% of the DNA of present-day people in Eurasia. Here we analyse DNA from a 37,000–42,000-year-old modern human from Peştera cu Oase, Romania. Although the specimen contains small amounts of human DNA, we use an enrichment strategy to isolate sites that are informative about its relationship to Neanderthals and present-day humans. We find that on the order of 6–9% of the… 
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