An early first-century earthquake in the Dead Sea

  title={An early first-century earthquake in the Dead Sea},
  author={Jefferson B. Williams and Markus J. Schwab and Achim Brauer},
  journal={International Geology Review},
  pages={1219 - 1228}
This article examines a report in the 27th chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament that an earthquake was felt in Jerusalem on the day of the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth. We have tabulated a varved chronology from a core from Ein Gedi on the western shore of the Dead Sea between deformed sediments due to a widespread earthquake in 31 BC and deformed sediments due to an early first-century earthquake. The early first-century seismic event has been tentatively assigned a date… Expand
Two thousand years ago the Dead Sea Basin was shaken by two earthquakes that left two widespread seismites within laminated Dead Sea sediment. The first earthquake (spring 31 B.C., Jericho fault,Expand
An updated parametric catalog of historical earthquakes around the Dead Sea Transform Fault Zone
In this study, we present the work done to review the existing historical earthquake information of the Dead Sea Transform Fault Zone (DSTFZ). Several studies from various sources have been collectedExpand
Integration of historical, archaeoseismic and paleoseismological data for the reconstruction of the early seismic history in Messina Strait (south Italy): the 1st and 4th centuries AD earthquakes
Historical accounts, archaeoseismic and paleoseismological evidence allowed us to reappraise two earthquakes affecting northeastern Sicily and southern Calabria in the 1st (probably between 14 andExpand
Is the Shroud of Turin in Relation to the Old Jerusalem Historical Earthquake
Phillips and Hedges suggested, in the scientific magazine Nature (1989), that neutron radiation could be liable of a wrong radiocarbon dating, while proton radiation could be responsible of theExpand
Identifying plausible historical scenarios for coupled lake level and seismicity rate changes: The case for the Dead Sea during the last two millennia
Abstract. Seismicity triggered by water level changes in reservoirs and lakes is usually studied from well-documented contemporary records. Can such triggering be explored on a historical time scaleExpand
On the Erroneous Correlation between Earthquakes and Eclipses
A long-lasting belief is that the gravitational stress by the moon would be responsible for earthquakes because of causing a tidal deformation of Earth’s crust. Even worse, earthquakes are sometimesExpand
Electric Charge Separation as the Mechanism for Image Formation on the Shroud of Turin: A Natural Mechanism
Among the most problematic features of the image on the Shroud of Turin is the fact that the unknown process of image formation is confined to the outermost fibers of the linen cloth, with noExpand
Subaqueous Salts: Salinas and Perennial Lakes
Ancient shoalwater platform (saltern) and deepwater (slope and basin) evaporites are dominantly subaqueous precipitates, and, as for the mudflats and pan settings discussed in the previous chapter,Expand
In situ field measurements of air permeability in eroded loess formations
Loess is an unsaturated soil and is widely distributed in arid and semi-arid areas in northwest China. Air permeability is a key parameter for determining the permeation performance of unsaturatedExpand


Four thousand years of seismicity along the Dead Sea Rift
A study of major earthquake occurrence along the Dead Sea transform (35.5°–36.5° E; 27.2°–37.5° N) during the past four millenia has been attempted. Geological, archaeological, biblical, historical,Expand
High‐resolution geological record of historic earthquakes in the Dead Sea basin
A 2000 year paleoseismic record of the Dead Sea area was recovered from a lacustrine sedimentary section. The section is being exposed at the Ze'elim Terrace on the shores of the Dead Sea due to theExpand
Implications of some early Jewish sources for estimates of earthquake hazard in the Holy Land
For the past two millennia the Holy Land was under the yoke of successive invaders and oppressors, not a fertile ground for growth of historiographic traditions. Consequently, earthquake cataloguersExpand
Recurrence pattern of Holocene earthquakes along the Dead Sea transform revealed by varve-counting and radiocarbon dating of lacustrine sediments
Abstract A high-resolution Holocene seismic history of the Dead Sea Transform (DST) is established from laminated sedimentary cores recovered at the shores of the Dead Sea. Radiocarbon dating andExpand
Holocene seismic and tectonic activity in the Dead Sea area
Abstract The Dead Sea is a large, active graben within the Dead Sea rift, which is bounded by two major strike-slip faults, the Jericho and the Arava faults. We investigated the young tectonicExpand
Implications of some early Jewish sources for estimates of earthquake hazardin the Holy Land
For the past two millennia the Holy Land was under the yoke of successive invaders and oppressors, not a fertile ground for growth of historiographic traditions. Consequently, earthquake cataloguersExpand
Impact of earthquakes on agriculture during the Roman–Byzantine period from pollen records of the Dead Sea laminated sediment
The Dead Sea region holds the archives of a complex relationship between an ever-changing nature and ancient civilisations. Regional pollen diagrams show a Roman"Byzantine period standing out in theExpand
Holocene Earthquakes Inferred from a Fan-Delta Sequence in the Dead Sea Graben
Abstract The Holocene sequence of the fan-delta of Nahal Darga, in Israel, records deformation associated with earthquakes related to the Dead Sea Transform in general and to the Jericho Fault inExpand
Determining earthquake recurrence intervals from deformational structures in young lacustrine sediments
Examination of the silty sediments in the lower Van Normal reservoir after the 1971 San Fernando, California earthquake revealed three zones of deformational structures in the 1-m-thick sequence ofExpand
Long-term earthquake clustering: A 50,000-year paleoseismic record in the Dead Sea Graben
The temporal distribution of earthquakes in the Dead Sea Graben is studied through a 50,000-year paleoseismic record recovered in laminated sediments of the Late Pleistocene Lake Lisan (paleo-DeadExpand