An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion.

  title={An attributional theory of achievement motivation and emotion.},
  author={Bernard Weiner},
  journal={Psychological review},
  volume={92 4},
  • B. Weiner
  • Published 1985
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Psychological review
In this chapter a theory of motivation and emotion developed from an attributional perspective is presented. Before undertaking this central task, it might be beneficial to review the progression of the book. In Chapter 1 it was suggested that causal attributions have been prevalent throughout history and in disparate cultures. Studies reviewed in Chapter 2 revealed a large number of causal ascriptions within motivational domains, and different ascriptions in disparate domains. Yet some… Expand
My Journey to the Attribution Fields
  • B. Weiner
  • Psychology
  • Advances in Motivation Science
  • 2019
Abstract In this article I trace the evolution in my thinking about motivation and the development of an attribution theory of motivation and emotion. This history includes positive reactions towardExpand
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Abstract Based on data collected from the Navajo Indian and other comparative investigations, limitations in previous cross-cultural attributional analyses of achievement motivation are proposed.Expand
In the last two decades performance in achievement settings is often explained as the outcome of the dynamic interplay between cognition, metacognition and motivation. At a micro-level this interplayExpand
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In the past few decades a growing research interest in internal and external factors that contribute to a student’s motivation to learn has yielded numerous models and theories. Despite theirExpand
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Abstract The attribution process is perhaps the most fundamental internal phenomenon with regard to producing thought and action. Given this fundamentality, a perceived control of the causalExpand
The Role of Causal Attribution in Determining Group Members' Emotional Responses to Failure
Weiner's (1, 2) attribution theory of motivation and emotion was used as a framework for explaining reactions of group members to their failure in a cooperative task when the group caused thisExpand
A review of attribution theory in achievement contexts
Attribution theory has proved to be a useful conceptual framework for the study of motivation in educational contexts. This article reviews a number of the major principles of attribution theory asExpand
An Individual Differences Measure of Attributions That Affect Achievement Behavior
Attributing a negative achievement outcome (e.g., failing a test) to causes that are personally uncontrollable and stable elicits a low expectancy of future success, feelings of hopelessness in thatExpand
Academic achievement and depressive symptoms: Are fixed mindsets distinct from negative attributional style?
Abstract Over the last thirty years, there has been an explosion of research on “mindset” theories of personal attributes such as intelligence (Dweck, 1988). Research shows that individuals whoExpand


A theory of motivation for some classroom experiences.
  • B. Weiner
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of educational psychology
  • 1979
It appears that a general theory of motivation is under development that has important implications for the understanding of classroom thought and behavior. Expand
An attributional analysis of achievement motivation.
Six experiments arc reported which relate achievement motivation to causal ascription. The first three experiments revealed that the evaluation of achievement-related outcomes is positively relatedExpand
Causal attribution for success and failure: A multivariate investigation of dimensionality, formation, and consequences.
The dimensions underlying causal attributions for success and failure, the influence of various informational cues on attributions along these dimensions, and the consequences of such attributionsExpand
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An attributional model of motivation and performance following failure was tested. College students were preselected on the basis of their attributional styles for interpersonal failures, as measuredExpand
From Attribution to Helping: An Analysis of the Mediating Effects of Affect and Expectancy.
Applying Weiner's attributional model of motivation to the study of helping behavior, it was predicted that willingness to help another person would be influenced by the cause of the need and thatExpand
A Cognitive (Attribution)-Emotion-Action Model of Motivated Behavior: An Analysis of Judgments of Help-Giving.
Six experiments examined the relations of causal attributions and affect to judgments of help-giving. The first experiment considered the influence of three dimensions of causality (locus, stability,Expand
Perceiving the Causes of Success and Failure
The present study examines cross-cultural perceptions of causal attributions pertinent to success and failure in achievement-related contexts. Two groups of participants(taxi drivers and civilExpand
Causal attributions and information seeking to explain success and failure.
Abstract Previous studies of attributions for success and failure have relied upon a theoretically derived set of causal attributions, either luck versus skill (derived from Rotter, 1966 ) orExpand
Communicating sympathy and anger to Black and White children: The cognitive (attributional) consequences of affective cues.
This study examined the influence of affective cues from others on children's achievement-related cognitions and performance following failure. Black and white children of middle and low social classExpand
Validity of an Attributional Model for a Specific Life Event
Weiner's (4, 5) model of causal atuibutions was originally validated regarding achievement on laboratory tasks. Some unsuccessful attempcs to apply it to attributions regarding other events haveExpand