An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities.

  title={An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities.},
  author={Douglas W. Dockery and C Arden Pope and X P Xu and John D. Spengler and James Harold Ware and Martha E. Fay and Benjamin G. Ferris and Frank E. Speizer},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  volume={329 24},
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported associations between particulate air pollution and daily mortality rates. [] Key Method Survival analysis, including Cox proportional-hazards regression modeling, was conducted with data from a 14-to-16-year mortality follow-up of 8111 adults in six U.S. cities. RESULTS Mortality rates were most strongly associated with cigarette smoking.

Particulate air pollution as a predictor of mortality in a prospective study of U.S. adults.

Increased mortality is associated with sulfate and fine particulate air pollution at levels commonly found in U.S. cities, although the increase in risk is not attributable to tobacco smoking, although other unmeasured correlates of pollution cannot be excluded with certainty.

Particulate Air Pollution as a Predirtor of Mortality in a Prospertive Study of u . S . Adults

Time-series, cross-sectional, and prospective cohort studies have observed associations between mortality and particulate air pollution but have been limited by ecologic design or small number of

Air pollution and mortality in New Zealand: cohort study

An association of PM10 with mortality is reported in a country with relatively low levels of air pollution, and the apparently greater association among Maori might be due to different levels of co-morbidity.

Relation between income, air pollution and mortality: a cohort study.

  • M. FinkelsteinM. Jerrett M. Sears
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
  • 2003
Two of the broader determinants of health--income and air pollution levels--were important correlates of mortality in this population of people whose lung function was tested and were associated with mortality differences.

Mortality risk and PM2.5 air pollution in the USA: an analysis of a national prospective cohort

Evidence is provided that elevated risks of mortality, especially cardiovascular disease mortality, are associated with long-term exposure to PM2.5 air pollution in US nationwide adult cohorts constructed from public-use NHIS data.

Association between long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and mortality in China: a cohort study.

The National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Study. Part II: Morbidity and mortality from air pollution in the United States.

This work has identified an association between daily changes in concentration of ambient particulate matter (PM) and daily number of deaths (mortality) in a number of cities and single location studies in order to produce a summary estimate of the health effects of PM.

Air Pollution and Mortality in Seven Million Adults: The Dutch Environmental Longitudinal Study (DUELS)

PM10 associations were robust to adjustment for NO2; NO2 associations remained for nonaccidental mortality and lung cancer mortality after adjustment for PM10, and long-term exposure to PM10 and NO2 was associated withNonaccidental and cause-specific mortality in the Dutch population of ≥ 30 years of age.



Air pollution and infant mortality in the Czech Republic, 1986-88

Increased mortality in Philadelphia associated with daily air pollution concentrations.

A significant positive association was found between total mortality and both TSP and both SO2 and the body of evidence showing that particulate pollution is associated with increased daily mortality at current levels in the United States is added.

Particulate air pollution and daily mortality in Detroit.

  • J. Schwartz
  • Environmental Science
    Environmental research
  • 1991

Daily mortality and PM10 pollution in Utah Valley.

The relative risk of death increased monotonically with PM10, and the relationship was observed at PM10 levels that were well below the current National Ambient Air Quality Standard of 150 micrograms/m3.

Mortality and air pollution in London: a time series analysis.

Analysis of air pollution and mortality in London for the winters of 1958-1972 concludes that particulates are strongly associated with mortality rates in London, and the relation is likely causal.

Particulate air pollution and daily mortality in Steubenville, Ohio.

Total suspended particulate count was significantly associated with increased daily mortality in Poisson regression analyses controlling for season and temperature, and appeared to continue at levels well below the current National Ambient Air Quality Standard.

Effects of air pollution on adult pulmonary function.

Regression analysis results showed that a per-unit increase in In SO2 (TSPM) concentration (microgram/m3) could result in a 35.6% reduction in FEV1.0 and FVC in subjects who had and had not used coal stove heating.

Respiratory health and PM10 pollution. A daily time series analysis.

This study evaluated changes in respiratory health associated with daily changes in fine particulate pollution (PM10). Participants included a relatively healthy school-based sample of fourth and