An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities.

  title={An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities.},
  author={Douglas W. Dockery and C Arden Pope and X P Xu and John D. Spengler and James Harold Ware and Martha E. Fay and Benjamin G. Ferris and Frank E. Speizer},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  volume={329 24},
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported associations between particulate air pollution and daily mortality rates. [] Key Method Survival analysis, including Cox proportional-hazards regression modeling, was conducted with data from a 14-to-16-year mortality follow-up of 8111 adults in six U.S. cities. RESULTS Mortality rates were most strongly associated with cigarette smoking.
Particulate air pollution as a predictor of mortality in a prospective study of U.S. adults.
Increased mortality is associated with sulfate and fine particulate air pollution at levels commonly found in U.S. cities, although the increase in risk is not attributable to tobacco smoking, although other unmeasured correlates of pollution cannot be excluded with certainty.
Particulate Air Pollution as a Predirtor of Mortality in a Prospertive Study of u . S . Adults
Time-series, cross-sectional, and prospective cohort studies have observed associations between mortality and particulate air pollution but have been limited by ecologic design or small number of
Air pollution and mortality in New Zealand: cohort study
An association of PM10 with mortality is reported in a country with relatively low levels of air pollution, and the apparently greater association among Maori might be due to different levels of co-morbidity.
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Two of the broader determinants of health--income and air pollution levels--were important correlates of mortality in this population of people whose lung function was tested and were associated with mortality differences.
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Evidence is added that long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with increased mortality due to traffic-related air pollution and several traffic exposure variables in a Dutch cohort.


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We analyzed the 1980 U.S. vital statistics and available ambient air pollution data bases for sulfates and fine, inhalable, and total suspended particles. Using multiple regression analyses, we
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The relative risk of death increased monotonically with PM10, and the relationship was observed at PM10 levels that were well below the current National Ambient Air Quality Standard of 150 micrograms/m3.
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