An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities.

@article{Dockery1993AnAB,
  title={An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities.},
  author={Douglas W. Dockery and C Arden Pope and X P Xu and John D. Spengler and James Harold Ware and Martha E. Fay and Benjamin G. Ferris and Frank E. Speizer},
  journal={The New England journal of medicine},
  year={1993},
  volume={329 24},
  pages={
          1753-9
        }
}
BACKGROUND Recent studies have reported associations between particulate air pollution and daily mortality rates. [] Key Method Survival analysis, including Cox proportional-hazards regression modeling, was conducted with data from a 14-to-16-year mortality follow-up of 8111 adults in six U.S. cities. RESULTS Mortality rates were most strongly associated with cigarette smoking.
Particulate air pollution as a predictor of mortality in a prospective study of U.S. adults.
TLDR
Increased mortality is associated with sulfate and fine particulate air pollution at levels commonly found in U.S. cities, although the increase in risk is not attributable to tobacco smoking, although other unmeasured correlates of pollution cannot be excluded with certainty.
Particulate Air Pollution as a Predirtor of Mortality in a Prospertive Study of u . S . Adults
Time-series, cross-sectional, and prospective cohort studies have observed associations between mortality and particulate air pollution but have been limited by ecologic design or small number of
Air pollution and mortality in New Zealand: cohort study
TLDR
An association of PM10 with mortality is reported in a country with relatively low levels of air pollution, and the apparently greater association among Maori might be due to different levels of co-morbidity.
Relation between income, air pollution and mortality: a cohort study.
  • M. Finkelstein, M. Jerrett, M. Sears
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne
  • 2003
TLDR
Two of the broader determinants of health--income and air pollution levels--were important correlates of mortality in this population of people whose lung function was tested and were associated with mortality differences.
Mortality risk and PM2.5 air pollution in the USA: an analysis of a national prospective cohort
TLDR
Evidence is provided that elevated risks of mortality, especially cardiovascular disease mortality, are associated with long-term exposure to PM2.5 air pollution in US nationwide adult cohorts constructed from public-use NHIS data.
Association between long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and mortality in China: a cohort study.
The National Morbidity, Mortality, and Air Pollution Study. Part II: Morbidity and mortality from air pollution in the United States.
TLDR
This work has identified an association between daily changes in concentration of ambient particulate matter (PM) and daily number of deaths (mortality) in a number of cities and single location studies in order to produce a summary estimate of the health effects of PM.
Air Pollution and Mortality in Seven Million Adults: The Dutch Environmental Longitudinal Study (DUELS)
TLDR
PM10 associations were robust to adjustment for NO2; NO2 associations remained for nonaccidental mortality and lung cancer mortality after adjustment for PM10, and long-term exposure to PM10 and NO2 was associated withNonaccidental and cause-specific mortality in the Dutch population of ≥ 30 years of age.
Long-Term Effects of Traffic-Related Air Pollution on Mortality in a Dutch Cohort (NLCS-AIR Study)
TLDR
Evidence is added that long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with increased mortality due to traffic-related air pollution and several traffic exposure variables in a Dutch cohort.
...
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