BACKGROUND The genes encoding IL-9 and IL-9R have recently been implicated in the genetic basis of asthma and allergy. Although studies performed on transgenic and knockout mice have shown conflicting results, no evidence of skin changes has ever been reported in these animals. OBJECTIVE To find association of the SNPs in IL-9 and IL-9R genes and interaction of these genes in atopic dermatitis. METHOD We genotyped 5 SNPs from the IL-9 and IL-9R genes of 1090 subject samples (631 AD patients and 459 normal controls). A luciferase assay was then performed for the rs31563 (-4091G/A) SNP located in the IL-9 gene promoter region. RESULT The rs31563 (-4091G/A) SNP in the IL-9 gene was significantly associated with the AD phenotype, especially allergic-type AD. In the luciferase assay, the rs31563 G construct was observed to have 1.54 times higher activity than the rs31563 A construct. Although no association was found between SNPs in IL-9R gene and AD, the rs3093467 SNP showed association with non-allergic AD. In the gene-gene interaction analysis, we found that IL-9/IL-9R genotype rs31563 GG/rs3093467 TT conveyed a greater risk for AD phenotype development. CONCLUSION Significant evidence exists to suggest that the rs31563 SNP (-4091G/A) located in the IL-9 gene is associated with an increased susceptibility to AD. Similarly, the rs3093467 SNP in IL-9R gene seems to be associated with an increased risk for developing non-allergic AD. In a subsequent gene-gene interaction analysis, the rs31563 GG/rs3093467 TT genotype combination (IL-9/IL-9R) was found to exert a synergistic effect in the development of the AD phenotype. As the classes of helper T cells are diverse and the function of IL-9 cytokine has not been fully described, the cutaneous function of IL-9 needs to be further explored in future studies.