An assessment of the total external costs of UK agriculture

@inproceedings{Pretty2000AnAO,
  title={An assessment of the total external costs of UK agriculture},
  author={Jules N. Pretty and Craig Brett and D. Gee and Rachel Elizabeth Hine and Charles F. Mason and James I. L. Morison and H. Raven and M. D. Rayment and G. van der Bijl},
  year={2000}
}
This trans-disciplinary study assesses total external environmental and health costs of modern agriculture in the UK. A wide range of datasets have been analysed to assess cost distribution across sectors. We calculate the annual total external costs of UK agriculture in 1996 to be £2343 m (range for 1990±1996: £1149±3907 m), equivalent to £208/ha of arable and permanent pasture. Signi®cant costs arise from contamination of drinking water with pesticides (£120 m/year), nitrate (£16 m… CONTINUE READING
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