An assessment of the late Middle Pleistocene occipital from Apidima 1 skull (Greece)

  title={An assessment of the late Middle Pleistocene occipital from Apidima 1 skull (Greece)},
  author={Antionio Rosas and Markus Bastir},

A new perspective on the origin of Homo sapiens

ABSTRACT In this paper, we critically review the current paradigm, which places the origin of Homo sapiens in Africa as the result of the evolution of a Middle Pleistocene species. In the African

Midfacial Morphology and Neandertal–Modern Human Interbreeding

The results of canonical variates analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis suggest important affinities in facial morphology between both Middle and Upper Paleolithic early modern humans of the Near East with Neandertals, highlighting the importance of this region for interbreeding between the two lineages.

The reversal of human phylogeny: Homo left Africa as erectus, came back as sapiens sapiens

The present study showed that Eurasia was not the receiver but the donor in Hss evolution, and the findings that Homo left Africa as erectus and returned as sapiens sapiens constitute a change in the understanding of Hs evolution to one that conforms to the extensive Eurasian record of Hss palaeontology and archaeology.



Virtual Reconstruction and Comparative Analyses of the Middle Pleistocene Apidima 2 Cranium (Greece)

A CT‐based virtual reconstruction of Apidima 2 including corrections of postmortem fractures and deformation as well as detailed metrical and morphological analyses of the specimen are presented, revealing close affinities to early and later Neandertals.

Paleobiology and comparative morphology of a late Neandertal sample from El Sidrón, Asturias, Spain

The large El Sidrón sample augments the European evolutionary lineage fossil record and supports ecogeographical variability across Neandertal populations.

Apidima Cave fossils provide earliest evidence of Homo sapiens in Eurasia

Detailed comparative analyses of two fossil crania from Apidima Cave, Greece, indicate that two late Middle Pleistocene human groups were present at this site; first an early Homo sapiens population followed by a Neanderthal population.

Neandertal roots: Cranial and chronological evidence from Sima de los Huesos

The sample shows a consistent morphological pattern with derived Neandertal features present in the face and anterior vault, many of which are related to the masticatory apparatus, pointing to a mosaic pattern of evolution.

New fossils from Jebel Irhoud, Morocco and the pan-African origin of Homo sapiens.

A mosaic of features including facial, mandibular and dental morphology that aligns the Jebel Irhoud material with early or recent anatomically modern humans and more primitive neurocranial and endocranial morphology shows that the evolutionary processes behind the emergence of H. sapiens involved the whole African continent.

Endocranial Occipito‐Temporal Anatomy of SD‐1219 from the Neandertal El Sidrón Site (Asturias, Spain)

The brain drainage system as inferred by the endocranial morphology of the occipito‐temporal region of the El Sidrón Neandertal specimen SD‐1219 was addressed and possibly indicates brain asymmetry (petalia) in this Ne andertal individual, similar to that observed in some modern human brains.