An assessment of the ‘democratic’ coup theory

  title={An assessment of the ‘democratic’ coup theory},
  author={Jonathan M Powell},
  journal={African Security Review},
  pages={213 - 224}
The Egyptian military's unconstitutional removal of President Mohamed Morsi has reignited a debate regarding the theory of the ‘democratic coup’. Though coups are almost invariably condemned, many political observers and a few scholars have recently argued that coups can act as catalysts for democratisation. This paper empirically assesses the democratic coup hypothesis for Africa. Multivariate analyses from 1952 to 2012 suggest that coups statistically improve a country's democratisation… 
The Limits of the “Democratic Coup” Thesis: International Politics and Post-Coup Authoritarianism
Recent studies have suggested that post–Cold War coups are more likely to be followed by democratic elections than their Cold War predecessors; analysts attribute this trend to international policies
Combating Coups d’état in Africa, 1950–2014
Recent years have seen African militaries attempt coups in virtually every geographic region, from Egypt to Lesotho and Guinea to Madagascar. They have targeted established democracies, infantile
The Fading of the Anti-Coup Norm
In the years since the early 1990s, tolerance within the international community for coups d’état has waned, and a new “anti-coup norm” has become institutionalized in international rulebooks and
Towards a Right to Resist Gross Undemocratic Practices in Africa
Abstract The adoption of the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance (ACDEG) has been a milestone for the transformation of Africa's political landscape. This instrument seeks to
Squeaky Wheels and Troop Loyalty : How Domestic Protests Influence Coups d ’ état , 1951 – 2005
This article considers how domestic protests influence coups. Protests signal regime illegitimacy, which incentivizes coups and provides a favorable climate for postcoup reforms. Protests also ease
Political Leadership in Africa
Do political leaders matter for development in Africa? Political leaders south of the Sahara have taken centre stage since countries in the region gained independence in the 1960s, yet a 'leadership
Military Intervention as a Means of Dealing with Dictatorship: The Zimbabwean Experience
The purpose of the study was to understand the effectiveness of a military intervention in dealing with dictatorship. Qualitative methodology was used. A case study approach was used to explore
Social Transformation and Military Leadership: The Nigerian Army and Fourth Generation Wars
Whereas military intervention in African politics has continued to receive scholarly attention (see Kieh and Agbese 2004; Souare 2014; Powell 2014), the internal leadership processes of the armed
Why class inequality breeds coups but not civil wars
  • C. Houle
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 2016
Does class inequality increase the risk of civil war? I posit that inequality between social classes affects civil wars through two pathways: (1) it heightens the risk of political violence by
Squeaky Wheels and Troop Loyalty
This article considers how domestic protests influence coups. Protests signal regime illegitimacy, which incentivizes coups and provides a favorable climate for postcoup reforms. Protests also ease


Coups and Democracy
This study uses new data on coups d’état and elections to document a striking development: whereas the vast majority of successful coups before 1991 installed durable rules, the majority of coups
The International Community's Reaction to Coups
With ten attempts since 2010, coups d’etat are surprisingly common events with vital implications for a state’s political development. Aside from being disruptive internally, coups influence
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This article argues that autocratic regime strength plays a critical mediating role in the link between economic development and democracy. Looking at 167 countries from 1875 to 2004, I find that
The AU and the Challenge of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa
This paper examines the policy position of the AU with regard to 'Unconstitutional Changes of Government' (UCG) in Africa. After analysing the definition of the concept or phenomenon of UCG, at least
What Do We Know About Democratization After Twenty Years
▪ Abstract This essay synthesizes the results of the large number of studies of late–20th-century democratization published during the last 20 years. Strong evidence supports the claims that
To ‘midwife’ – and abort – a democracy: Mauritania's transition from military rule, 2005–2008
ABSTRACT The 3 August 2005 military coup was Mauritania's best opportunity to turn the page on decades of the deposed quasi-military regime's destructive politics. This article critically analyses
Operation "Just Missed": Lessons From Failed Coup Attempts
While many studies of coups are available, most focus on those that succeed in overthrowing one government and replacing it with another. In this article, the focus is on the numerous attempts that
Let's Put Garbage-Can Regressions and Garbage-Can Probits Where They Belong
Many social scientists believe that dumping long lists of explanatory variables into linear regression, probit, logit, and other statistical equations will successfully “control” for the effects of
An assessment of coup activity in the AU's first ten years, expert roundtable 'The AU: The First Ten Years
  • 2011
Defending democracy with international law: preventing coups attempts with democracy clauses, Democratization
  • Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law
  • 2011