An artificial landscape-scale fishery in the Bolivian Amazon

  title={An artificial landscape-scale fishery in the Bolivian Amazon},
  author={Clark L. Erickson},
Historical ecologists working in the Neotropics argue that the present natural environment is an historical product of human intentionality and ingenuity, a creation that is imposed, built, managed and maintained by the collective multigenerational knowledge and experience of Native Americans. In the past 12,000 years, indigenous peoples transformed the environment, creating what we now recognize as the rich ecological mosaic of the Neotropics. The prehispanic savanna peoples of the Bolivian… 

The Transformation of Environment into Landscape: The Historical Ecology of Monumental Earthwork Construction in the Bolivian Amazon

Although the Neotropics are recognized as a region rich in biological diversity, the origin, evolution, and maintenance of this phenomenon continues to be debated. Historical ecologists and landscape

Amazonia: The Historical Ecology of a Domesticated Landscape

When one thinks of Amazonia, images of large towering trees, dark and humid forests, brightly colored frogs, and smiling native people decorated in paint and feathers come to mind. In addition to

The legacy of cultural landscapes in the Brazilian Amazon: implications for biodiversity

Recent archaeological research in several areas along the Amazon River with evidence of large pre-European occupations and large-scale transformations of forest and wetland environments are reviewed, finding findings of historical change and cultural variability have clear implications for questions of conservation and sustainability.

Native Views of the Environment in Amazonia

Amazonia is that region drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries together with adjacent lowlands. It represents about 4% of the earth’s land surface. It is roughly the size of the contiguous

Pre-Columbian agricultural landscapes, ecosystem engineers, and self-organized patchiness in Amazonia

This work shows that pre-Columbian farmers of the Guianas coast constructed large raised-field complexes, growing on them crops including maize, manioc, and squash, and shows how sustainability of food-production systems can be enhanced by engineering into them fallows that maintain ecosystem services and biodiversity.

Spatiotemporal patterns of pre-Columbian people in Amazonia

Abstract A current goal among many scientific disciplines is to incorporate data on past human land use and climate change into current global climate and vegetation models. Here, we used existing

Present-day African analogue of a pre-European Amazonian floodplain fishery shows convergence in cultural niche construction

Compared with observations from a present-day fishery in a similar environment, the Zambian fishery supports Erickson’s key inferences about the pre-European fishery: It allows sustained high harvest levels; weir construction and operation require cooperation; and weirs are inherited across generations; however, the comparison suggests that thePre-European system may not have entailed intensive management, as Erickson postulated.

Amazonian Archaeology

Amazonian archaeology has made major advances in recent decades, particularly in understanding coupled human environmental systems. Like other tropical forest regions, prehistoric social formations



The Amazon River Forest: A Natural History of Plants, Animals, and People

The floodplain forest of the Amazon is the last major agricultural frontier of the Americas. This unique habitat, inundated in some places to a depth of thirty feet a year, contains a marvellous

The Pristine Myth: The Landscape of the Americas in 1492

The myth persists that in 1492 the Americas were a sparsely populated wilder- ness, "a world of barely perceptible human disturbance." There is substantial evidence, however, that the Native American

Archaeological Methods for the Study of Ancient Landscapes of the Llanos de Mojos in the Bolivian Amazon

C A M B R I D G E UNIVERSITY PRESS Archaeological gardens and field systems are notoriously difficult to study. They tend to be “artifact poor” contexts, and thus, extremely difficult to date with

HOLOCENE BIODIVERSITY: An Archaeological Perspective from the Americas

  • P. Stahl
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1996
▪ Abstract Any understanding of contemporary biodiversity change in the Americas is likely to be uninformative and misleading if it employs a prehistoric baseline imbued with pristine

Amazonian Indians from prehistory to the present: anthropological perspectives.

Amazonia has long been a focus of debate about the impact of the tropical rain forest environment on indigenous cultural development. This edited volume draws on the subdisciplines of anthropology to

Comment upon the Economic Potential of Fish Utilization in Riverine Environments and Potential Archaeological Biases

  • A. Garson
  • Environmental Science
    American Antiquity
  • 1980
New data from the South American lowland tropics are used in support of a recent argument extolling the potential of fish utilization in major floodplains. The discussion will cover five points: (1)

The Ethnography of South America seen from Mojos in Bolivia

THE third part of Baron Nordenskiold's comparative ethnographical studies of South America is in some respects the most interesting of the series. It is an illuminating example of the use to which,

The Origins of Agriculture in the Lowland Neotropics

Background of Tropical Agricultural Origins. The Neotropical Ecosystem in the Present and the Past. The Phytogeography of Neotropical Crops and Their Putative wild Ancestors. The Evolution of

Paleoindian Cave Dwellers in the Amazon: The Peopling of the Americas

A Paleoindian campsite has been uncovered in stratified prehistoric deposits in Caverna da Pedra Pintada at Monte Alegre in the Brazilian Amazon. Fifty-six radiocarbon dates on carbonized plant