An approach to the patient with painful ophthalmoplegia, with a focus on Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.

@article{Gladstone2007AnAT,
  title={An approach to the patient with painful ophthalmoplegia, with a focus on Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.},
  author={Jonathan Paul Gladstone},
  journal={Current pain and headache reports},
  year={2007},
  volume={11 4},
  pages={317-25}
}
The differential diagnosis of painful ophthalmoplegia is extensive and consists of numerous sinister etiologies, including neoplasms (ie, primary intracranial tumors, local or distant metastases), vascular (eg, aneurysm, carotid dissection, and carotid-cavernous fistula), inflammatory (ie, orbital pseudotumor, giant cell arteritis, sarcoidosis, and Tolosa-Hunt syndrome), and infectious etiologies (ie, fungal and mycobacterial), as well as other miscellaneous conditions (ie, ophthalmoplegic… CONTINUE READING

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