An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks

@article{Heinzelman2002AnAP,
  title={An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks},
  author={Wendi B. Heinzelman and Anantha P. Chandrakasan and Hari Ram Balakrishnan},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun.},
  year={2002},
  volume={1},
  pages={660-670}
}
Networking together hundreds or thousands of cheap microsensor nodes allows users to accurately monitor a remote environment by intelligently combining the data from the individual nodes. [] Key Method LEACH includes a new, distributed cluster formation technique that enables self-organization of large numbers of nodes, algorithms for adapting clusters and rotating cluster head positions to evenly distribute the energy load among all the nodes, and techniques to enable distributed signal processing to save…
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A novel self-organizing energy efficient hybrid protocol based on LEACH is presented, combining cluster based architecture and multiple-hop routing, which can achieve better performance on energy efficiency and the lifetime of WSN.
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A new Timeout-based Information Forwarding (TIF) protocol for wireless sensor networks that uses a relatively simple logic to forward the data packet with multi-hop fashion to reduce the overall network energy consumption.
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