An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks

  title={An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks},
  author={Wendi B. Heinzelman and Anantha P. Chandrakasan and Hari Ram Balakrishnan},
  journal={IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun.},
Networking together hundreds or thousands of cheap microsensor nodes allows users to accurately monitor a remote environment by intelligently combining the data from the individual nodes. [] Key Method LEACH includes a new, distributed cluster formation technique that enables self-organization of large numbers of nodes, algorithms for adapting clusters and rotating cluster head positions to evenly distribute the energy load among all the nodes, and techniques to enable distributed signal processing to save…
ALEACH: Advanced LEACH routing protocol for wireless microsensor networks
  • M.S. Ali, T. Dey, R. Biswas
  • Computer Science
    2008 International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering
  • 2008
A wireless network consisting of hundreds or thousands of cheap microsensor nodes allow users accurately monitor the characteristics of the remote environment or detect an event. As the sensor nodes
Energy Efficient Centralized Hierarchical Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network
A routing protocol with named PECH, which utilizes a high-energy base station to set up clusters and routing paths, perform randomized rotation of cluster heads, and carry out other energy-intensive tasks and is centralized since in this protocol, rather than self-configuration, base station is used.
Distance-Based Segmentation: An Energy-Efficient Clustering Hierarchy for Wireless Microsensor Networks
The Distance-Based Segmentation (DBS) protocol is a cluster-based protocol that divides the entire network into equal- area segments and applies different clustering policies to each segment to reduce total energy dissipation and hence prolong the lifetime of the network.
Design of timeout-based wireless microsensor network protocols: energy and latency considerations
This research proposes a new sensor network protocol based on Timeout-based Information Forwarding (TIF) protocol, which is based on a geometry-specific data forwarding logic with a multi-hop communication method.
A Novel Self-Organizing Hybrid Network Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
  • Jichuan Zhao, A. Erdogan
  • Computer Science
    First NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (AHS'06)
  • 2006
A novel self-organizing energy efficient hybrid protocol based on LEACH is presented, combining cluster based architecture and multiple-hop routing, which can achieve better performance on energy efficiency and the lifetime of WSN.
A novel application specific network protocol for wireless sensor networks
A novel application specific energy efficient protocol based on LEACH is presented, combining a cluster based architecture and multiple-hop routing, which can reduce energy consumption and hence prolong the lifetime of WSN.
Energy-Optimal Grid-Based Clustering in Wireless Microsensor Networks
This paper analyzes and evaluates the energy-optimal grid size for a grid-based clustering and routing scheme proposed specifically for wireless microsensor networks, and reveals the tradeoff generic to all grid- based clustering schemes.
Timeout-Based Information Forwarding Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
  • W. Jeong, S. Nof
  • Computer Science
    Int. J. Distributed Sens. Networks
  • 2007
A new Timeout-based Information Forwarding (TIF) protocol for wireless sensor networks that uses a relatively simple logic to forward the data packet with multi-hop fashion to reduce the overall network energy consumption.
An Energy-Efficient Hierarchical Routing for Wireless Sensor Networks
A clustering technique which is based on LEACH protocol is proposed, in this, clusters are formed based on their geographical location & cluster heads are selected on the basis of highest residual energy within the cluster as well as minimum distance to the base station from the cluster heads.
Reliable Cluster-Based Routing Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Networks
Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm provides more robust than LEACH when wireless link error occurs, and there should be higher probabilities for messages to reach the sink node.


Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks
LEACH (Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy), a clustering-based protocol that utilizes randomized rotation of local cluster based station (cluster-heads) to evenly distribute the energy load among the sensors in the network, is proposed.
Energy-Scalable Protocols for Battery-Operated MicroSensor Networks
A sensor network system that uses a localized clustering protocol and beamforming data fusion to enable energy-efficient collaboration and an energy-quality scalable architecture that incorporates techniques such as variable filter length, variable voltage supply and variable adaptation time is developed.
Application-specific protocol architectures for wireless networks
This dissertation supports the claim that application-specific protocol architectures achieve the energy and latency efficiency and error robustness needed for wireless networks by developing two systems.
Energy-scalable algorithms and protocols for wireless microsensor networks
This paper provides models for predicting quality and energy and shows the advantages of trading off these two parameters, so that the system can achieve both flexibility and energy efficiency, allowing the end-user to maximize system lifetime.
Adaptive protocols for information dissemination in wireless sensor networks
It is found that the SPIN protocols can deliver 60% more data for a given amount of energy than conventional approaches, and that, in terms of dissemination rate and energy usage, the SPlN protocols perform close to the theoretical optimum.
Self-organizing distributed sensor networks
A prototype sensor system and networking protocols are being developed under the DARPA/TTO AWAIRS Program and are described.
Adaptive Clustering for Mobile Wireless Networks
  • C. Lin, M. Gerla
  • Computer Science, Business
    IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.
  • 1997
This paper describes a self-organizing, multihop, mobile radio network which relies on a code-division access scheme for multimedia support that provides an efficient, stable infrastructure for the integration of different types of traffic in a dynamic radio network.
A mobility-based framework for adaptive clustering in wireless ad hoc networks
A novel framework for dynamically organizing mobile nodes in wireless ad hoc networks into clusters in which the probability of path availability can be bounded is presented, which supports an adaptive hybrid routing architecture that can be more responsive and effective when mobility rates are low and more efficient when Mobility rates are high.
Wireless integrated network sensors
The WINS network represents a new monitoring and control capability for applications in such industries as transportation, manufacturing, health care, environmental oversight, and safety and security, and opportunities depend on development of a scalable, low-cost, sensor-network architecture.
System capacity, latency, and power consumption in multihop-routed SS-CDMA wireless networks
  • M. Ettus
  • Business
    Proceedings RAWCON 98. 1998 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference (Cat. No.98EX194)
  • 1998
A system for wireless networking utilizing code division multiple access (CDMA), in conjunction with spread spectrum (SS) modulation, by combining SS, automatic power control and local coordination, can be created which is capable of simultaneously providing high bandwidth and low latency communications.