An alternative way of understanding exit, voice and loyalty: the case of informal payments for health care in Israel.

Abstract

This study examines Hirschman's model of exit, voice and loyalty with regard to informal payments in the Israeli healthcare system. Based on a national survey, we investigate the extent of "black" payments, its characteristics and its correlated factors. We find that informal payments do exist in Israel-although it seems that there has been a decline in the phenomenon. Contrary to the literature, we find no relationship between the option of voice or dissatisfaction with healthcare services and informal payments. However, we do find a negative correlation between trust and the use of such payments. This finding is consistent with Hirschman's insight that a lack of loyalty may lead people to strategies of exit. We suggest that given the fact that health care in Israel is a public service, the exit option may actually be a quasi-exit behavior. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

DOI: 10.1002/hpm.2309

Cite this paper

@article{Cohen2017AnAW, title={An alternative way of understanding exit, voice and loyalty: the case of informal payments for health care in Israel.}, author={Nissim Cohen and Dani Filc}, journal={The International journal of health planning and management}, year={2017}, volume={32 1}, pages={72-90} }