Correction of whistle deformity using autologous free fat grafting: first results of a pilot study and review of the literature
BACKGROUND Various techniques have been described for the correction of whistle deformity, but no single technique can be used for all types of whistle deformities because the cause of deformity and tissues available for its correction may be different. METHOD Forty-seven cases of whistle deformity were divided in to 5 groups depending on its cause (deficient tissue) and the tissues available for its correction. Various techniques available for the correction of whistle deformity were analyzed. Techniques available for that particular group were short listed, and the appropriate technique was selected for correction of whistle deformity of the patient belonging to that particular group. RESULT Of the 47 patients, 3 required reoperation. CONCLUSIONS The proposed classification of whistle deformity and, accordingly, an algorithm for its management helps the operating surgeon to select the appropriate technique from a wide list of options available for correcting whistle deformity.