An adaptive decoder from spike trains to micro-stimulation using kernel least-mean-squares (KLMS)

Abstract

This paper proposes a nonlinear adaptive decoder for somatosensory micro-stimulation based on the kernel least mean square (KLMS) algorithm applied directly on the space of spike trains. Instead of using a binned representation of spike trains, we transform the vector of spike times into a function in reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS), where the inner product of two spike time vectors is defined by a nonlinear cross intensity kernel. This representation encapsulates the statistical description of the point process that generates the spike trains, and bypasses the curse of dimensionality-resolution of the binned spike representations. We compare our method with two other methods based on binned data: GLM and KLMS, in reconstructing biphasic micro-stimulation. The results indicate that the KLMS based on RKHS for spike train is able to detect the timing, the shape and the amplitude of the biphasic stimulation with the best accuracy.

DOI: 10.1109/MLSP.2011.6064603

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Cite this paper

@article{Li2011AnAD, title={An adaptive decoder from spike trains to micro-stimulation using kernel least-mean-squares (KLMS)}, author={Lin Li and Il Memming Park and Sohan Seth and John S. Choi and Joseph T. Francis and Justin C. Sanchez and Jos{\'e} Carlos Pr{\'i}ncipe}, journal={2011 IEEE International Workshop on Machine Learning for Signal Processing}, year={2011}, pages={1-6} }