An accurate simulation model of anteriorly displaced TMJ discs with and without reduction.

Abstract

Internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is defined as an abnormal positional relationship of the disc relative to the mandibular condyle and the glenoid fossa. Among others, the anterior disc displacement is the most common disorder, however its origin and consequences are still unclear. Several finite element simulations of the TMJ have been developed, but none of them has reported dynamic simulations of the disc as a three-dimensional, fiber-reinforced biphasic material under finite deformations, during the opening movement of a pathologic joint affected of an anterior displacement of the disc with and without reduction, using a realistic geometry of the ligaments in the joint. The aim of the work presented here was to compare the stress distribution in the healthy joint and in two pathologic situations, one joint affected of an anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDWR) and one without reduction (ADDWOR) during an opening movement of the mouth. It was found that, while in the healthy disc the highest compressive stresses were located in the intermediate zone, in the pathologic joints the maximum compressive stresses were located in the posterior band both in the ADDWOR case and in the ADDWR before the reduction. Moreover, although the final stress distribution in the ADDWR was similar to that in the healthy case, the collateral ligaments supported higher stresses, a fact that could lead to degeneration of these components and subsequently to the total anterior displacement of the disc. Finally, the results suggest that an anterior displacement of the disc would lead to higher compressive and tangential stresses in the posterior band of the disc than in the healthy one, and as a consequence, to possible perforations in that zone of the disc which would modify its geometry if no treatment is applied.

Cite this paper

@article{Palomar2007AnAS, title={An accurate simulation model of anteriorly displaced TMJ discs with and without reduction.}, author={Amaya P{\'e}rez-Del Palomar and Manuel Doblar{\'e}}, journal={Medical engineering & physics}, year={2007}, volume={29 2}, pages={216-26} }