An Updated Review of of Evidence to Discourage Douching

@article{Cottrell2010AnUR,
  title={An Updated Review of of Evidence to Discourage Douching},
  author={B. Cottrell},
  journal={MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing},
  year={2010},
  volume={35},
  pages={102–107}
}
  • B. Cottrell
  • Published 2010
  • Medicine
  • MCN, The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing
Purpose:To review current studies on vaginal douching.Data Sources: MEDLINE PubMed, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases from 2002 to 2008 using MeSh terms "vaginal AND irrigation or vaginal and douching" from 2002 to 2003 and "vaginal douching" and "vaginal douching and adverse effects" from 2004 to 2008.Study Selection: MEDLINE PubMed included 156 records, CINAHL 15, and Cochrane 10. Articles in English were reviewed, and those pertaining to vaginal douching and reproductive and gynecologic… Expand
Vaginal douching in Zambia: a risk or benefit to women in the fight against cervical cancer: a retrospective cohort study
TLDR
There is an association between douching with a solution and a woman’s age, educational attainment, occupation and condom use, and the use of either vinegar, ginger, lemon, salt or sugar solution was associated with increased risk for abnormal cervical lesions. Expand
Understanding Women’s Vaginal Douching Behaviors and Practices for Consideration in the Development of a Potential Future Vaginal Microbicide Douche for HIV Prevention: A Systematic Review of the Literature
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A systematic review of the literature found little empirical agreement between vaginal douche use and most vaginal health outcomes, and future studies of PrEP vaginal douches should be well controlled and prioritize safety to ensure positive vagina health outcomes. Expand
Vaginal Douching Cessation in Rural Turkish Women with Vaginitis
Background: Vaginal douching is a common practice among married women in rural areas of Turkey. The vaginal douching rate is 40-81% among women living in Turkey. Vaginal douching is prevalentExpand
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TLDR
Discussions along with patient centered, non- judgmental counseling may help women to overcome the habit of douching and thus be able to avoid severe health consequences. Expand
Vaginal douching practice in Eskisehir in Turkey
TLDR
The vaginal douching practice is a widespread conventional attitude among women and should be given the necessary importance and special importance should be attached to the health education of the primary health care profession concerning the vaginal lavage. Expand
Pattern of Vaginal Discharge and Associated Demographic Characteristics among Female Patients Seen at a Gynaecology Clinic in Northern Nigeria
TLDR
Patients with additional symptoms were more likely to present with whitish vaginal discharge, candidiasis and recurrence of symptoms, when compared to those with no symptoms. Expand
Evaluation of the use of vaginal tampons and vaginal douche practices among women Kadınların vajinal tampon ve vajinal duş uygulama durumlarının değerlendirmesi
TLDR
A significant proportion of women were practicing vaginal douche and even more striking is that they have no awareness that this practice may be harmful, which will be important for the health professionals to give importance on this issue in their education and counseling programs for women. Expand
The Prevalence of Vaginal Douching and Associated Factors in Married Women and the Role of Education in Stopping Vaginal Douching ?
Vaginal douche is a traditional practice widespread among the women all over the world. Advices and education from health professionals are of utmost importance in preventing and halting VD. ThereExpand
Recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis among young women in south eastern Nigeria: the role of lifestyle and health-care practices
TLDR
The association between lifestyle, health-care practices and incidence of recurrent vulvovaginal candidosis among young women in south eastern Nigeria supported the association between some of the hypothesized risk factors and the occurrence of RVVC. Expand
Douching Practices among Hausa-Fulani Pregnant Women With and Without Bacterial Vaginosis in Zaria, Northwest Nigeria
TLDR
The practice of douching was common among the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group in Nigeria and was more prevalent among subjects aged Bacterial vaginosis positive women aged 30-34 years and those aged 35-39 years respectively. Expand
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References

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Vaginal douching.
  • B. Cottrell
  • Medicine
  • Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN
  • 2003
TLDR
Nursing assessment of women should include information on vaginal douching practices and beliefs to discourage women of all ages from using vaginal douches as part of routine feminine hygiene because of the associated risks. Expand
Vaginal douching and adverse health effects: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Current literature suggests that frequent douching increases the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, and, possibly, cervical cancer. Expand
Risk of preterm birth that is associated with vaginal douching.
TLDR
Vaginal douching does not appear to be a strong risk factor for preterm birth, and further study is needed to confirm the risk that is associated with frequent or long-term douching. Expand
Douching and Endometritis: Results From the PID Evaluation and Clinical Health (PEACH) Study
TLDR
Among a predominantly black group of women with clinical PID, frequent and recent douching was associated with endometritis and upper genital tract infection. Expand
The effect of vaginal douching cessation on bacterial vaginosis: a pilot study.
TLDR
Vaginal douching cessation may reduce the risk for bacterial vaginosis in a subset of women, and among women who reported their primary reason for douching was to cleanse after menstruation, BV was significantly reduced inDouching cessation. Expand
Why do women douche? A longitudinal study with two analytic approaches.
TLDR
The case-crossover analysis indicated a woman was more likely to douche when reporting "fishy" vaginal odor, and programs targeting these predictors may decrease the untoward sequelae associated with douching. Expand
Vaginal douching: evidence for risks or benefits to women's health.
TLDR
The evidence of the impact of douching on women’s health is reviewed to reflect a broad consensus that douching should be avoided during pregnancy and less agreement regarding douching for hygiene and relief of vaginitis symptoms. Expand
A longitudinal study of vaginal douching and bacterial vaginosis--a marginal structural modeling analysis.
TLDR
It is indicated that douching confers increased risk of disruption of vaginal flora, and in the absence of a large randomized trial, these findings provide the best evidence to date for a risk of bacterial vaginosis associated with douching. Expand
Frequency of Douching and Risk of Bacterial Vaginosis in African-American Women
TLDR
Douching less than once per week, particularly with a water-vinegar douche, is not associated with bacterial vaginosis in this African-American population. Expand
Vaginal douching and risk of preterm birth among African American women.
TLDR
Vaginal douching in the 6 months before pregnancy, but not during pregnancy, appears to protect against preterm birth; however, this effect depends on the timing of the exposure. Expand
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