An Unusual Association in an Uncommon Disease: Two Cases of Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum Associated with Pneumorrhachis

@inproceedings{Martins2016AnUA,
  title={An Unusual Association in an Uncommon Disease: Two Cases of Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum Associated with Pneumorrhachis},
  author={Lu{\'i}s Parente Martins and Patr{\'i}cia Dion{\'i}sio and Susana Moreira and Alda Manique and Isabel Correia and Cristina B{\'a}rbara},
  booktitle={Case reports in pulmonology},
  year={2016}
}
Pneumomediastinum, the presence of free air in the mediastinum, is described as spontaneous pneumomediastinum when there is no apparent cause such as trauma, surgery, interventional procedures, or intrathoracic infections. Pneumorrhachis is a rare clinical condition, consisting of intraspinal air. The main causes are iatrogenic, traumatic, and nontraumatic. Spontaneous mediastinum is usually associated with subcutaneous emphysema and, occasionally, with pneumothorax; however, its association… CONTINUE READING