An Overview on the Taxonomy, Phylogenetics and Ecology of the Psychedelic Genera Psilocybe, Panaeolus, Pluteus and Gymnopilus

  title={An Overview on the Taxonomy, Phylogenetics and Ecology of the Psychedelic Genera Psilocybe, Panaeolus, Pluteus and Gymnopilus},
  author={Dominique Strauss and Soumya Ghosh and Zurika Murray and Marieka Gryzenhout},
  booktitle={Frontiers in Forests and Global Change},
Psilocybin and psilocin, two psychoactive components found in “magic mushrooms,” have therapeutic potential in a number of mental health disorders without the addictiveness and overdose risks found in other mind-altering drugs, such as cocaine, methamphetamines and alcohol. Psychedelic mushrooms occur naturally, are wide distributed and easily accessible. The need for reviews and comprehensive field guides is urgent due to the recent surge of research into psychedelic mushrooms along with… 

Figures from this paper



Phylogenetic and chemical studies in the potential psychotropic species complex of Psilocybe atrobrunnea with taxonomic and nomenclatural notes

The molecular data suggests that morphologically identical American P. silvatica and European P. medullosa likely represent distinct species; epitypes of both taxa were therefore designated.

Phylogenetic inference and trait evolution of the psychedelic mushroom genus Psilocybe sensu lato (Agaricales)

A multigene phylogeny for Psilocybe, Deconica, and other exemplars of the families Hymenogastraceae and Strophariaceae sensu stricto is reconstructed, confirming the monophyly of Deconica within Stropharis s.

Morphological and molecular evidence for a new species of Psilocybe from southern China

In order to confirm the phylogenetic uniqueness of this species, sequences of its internal transcribed spacer (ITS) were generated and compared with sequences of other Psilocybe species.

The occurrence of psilocybin in Gymnopilus species.

An accidental case of mushroom poisoning led to the detection of psilocybin in Gymnopilus validipes (Cortinariaceae). This compound was subsequently isolated (0.12% yield) by anion exchange and

[Levels of psilocybin and psilocin in various types of mushrooms].

The results of this study prove the presence of at least three species of Psilocybe with a high content of psychoactive components growing in the authors' republic: Psilocin semilanceata, Psilocrybe bohemica and P silocybe arcana.

Occurrence of psilocybin/psilocin in Pluteus salicinus (Pluteaceae)

A combination of chromatographic and spectral techniques were used to analyze PI.

The secotioid genus Galeropsis (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota): a real taxonomic unit or ecological phenomenon?

The genus Galeropsis is shown to be polyphyletic, with at least five phylogenetic lineages corresponding to known genera of Agaricomycetes (Panaeolus, Agrocybe, Parasola, Conocybe, and Leratiomyces).

First Report of Panaeolus sphinctrinus and Panaeolus foenisecii (Psathyrellaceae, Agaricales) on Elephant Dung from Sri Lanka

The morphological studies and phylogenetic analysis were carried out to characterize the fungus and found P. sphinctrinus consists of a grey brown pileus with whitish margin and citriform, blakish brown basidiospores with a distinct germspore.