An Outlook on Microalgal Biofuels

@article{Wijffels2010AnOO,
  title={An Outlook on Microalgal Biofuels},
  author={Rene H. Wijffels and Maria J. Barbosa},
  journal={Science},
  year={2010},
  volume={329},
  pages={796 - 799}
}
Microalgae are considered one of the most promising feedstocks for biofuels. The productivity of these photosynthetic microorganisms in converting carbon dioxide into carbon-rich lipids, only a step or two away from biodiesel, greatly exceeds that of agricultural oleaginous crops, without competing for arable land. Worldwide, research and demonstration programs are being carried out to develop the technology needed to expand algal lipid production from a craft to a major industrial process… 
Algae for Biofuels and Energy
TLDR
This book covers the key steps in the production of renewable biofuels from microalgae - strain selection, culture systems, inorganic carbon utilisation, lipid metabolism and quality, hydrogen production, genetic engineering, biomass harvesting, extraction.
Biofuels from Microalgae
TLDR
Biofuels from micro algae can only become realistic if the cost of production of algae is reduced, if the produntivity of lipids in microalgae is maximized, and if besides lipids, other compounds are validated for applications for food, feed, chemistry, and materials using a microalgal biorefinery.
New challenges in microalgae biotechnology.
Biodiesel from microalgae
Biodiesel and Bioethanol from Microalgae
Microalgae are a group of unicellular or multicellular photosynthetic microorganisms that have the ability to use sources of organic and inorganic carbon for their development. Microalgal biomass has
Potential biotechnological application of microalgae: a critical review
TLDR
A critical overview of the current state of biotechnological applications of microalgae for human benefit is presented and possible areas for further research and development are highlighted.
Third-generation biofuels: current and future research on microalgal lipid biotechnology
TLDR
This review focuses on researches aiming at understanding and harnessing lipid metabolism in microalgae in view of producing lipid-based biofuels such as biodiesel.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 75 REFERENCES
Photobiology of microalgae mass cultures: understanding the tools for the next green revolution
TLDR
Although microalgal cultures remain one of the most attractive sources of feed, food and next-generation biofuels since microalgae can be grown in saline or seawater on nonarable lands, are able to attain much higher oil and protein yields than traditional crops and, being endowed with high growth rates, are easier to be improved via genetic and metabolic engineering.
Valuable products from biotechnology of microalgae
  • O. Pulz, W. Gross
  • Engineering, Biology
    Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • 2004
TLDR
The biotechnology of microalgae has gained considerable importance in recent decades and this group of organisms represents one of the most promising sources for new products and applications.
Do biofuels from microalgae beat biofuels from terrestrial plants?
  • L. Reijnders
  • Engineering, Environmental Science
    Trends in biotechnology
  • 2008
Biodiesel from microalgae.
  • Y. Chisti
  • Environmental Science, Engineering
    Biotechnology advances
  • 2007
Towards increased microalgal productivity in photobioreactors
TLDR
Two concepts of light dilution in photobioreactor design are presented to reflect how potentially higher photosynthetic efficiencies can be achieved and fast screening methods for micro algae are discussed, which can be applied to select strains with better production characteristics.
Microalgae for the production of bulk chemicals and biofuels
TLDR
Production of bulk chemicals and fuels from microalgae will become economically feasible if production of algae is done on a large scale against low production costs and residual nutrient feedstocks and CO2 are done.
Microalgal triacylglycerols as feedstocks for biofuel production: perspectives and advances.
TLDR
A brief summary of the current knowledge on oleaginous algae and their fatty acid and TAG biosynthesis, algal model systems and genomic approaches to a better understanding of TAG production, and a historical perspective and path forward for microalgae-based biofuel research and commercialization are provided.
Life-cycle assessment of biodiesel production from microalgae.
TLDR
The outcome confirms the potential of microalgae as an energy source but highlights the imperative necessity of decreasing the energy and fertilizer consumption and control of nitrogen stress during the culture and optimization of wet extraction seem to be valuable options.
Botryococcus braunii: A Renewable Source of Hydrocarbons and Other Chemicals
TLDR
This review details the various facets of biotechnology of B. braunii, including its microbiology and physiology; production of hydrocarbons and other compounds by the alga; methods of culture; downstream recovery and processing of algal hydrocarols; and cloning of the algal genes into other microorganisms.
...
...