An Old World hummingbird from the Oligocene: a new fossil from Polish Carpathians

  title={An Old World hummingbird from the Oligocene: a new fossil from Polish Carpathians},
  author={Zygmunt Bocheński and Zbigniew M. Bochenski},
  journal={Journal of Ornithology},
A near-complete, partially articulated skeleton of a hummingbird was recently found in the menilite shales of the Polish Flysh Carpathians. The specimen is dated to the Early Oligocene (Rupelian, approx. 31 Myr). It shares derived characters with extant hummingbirds and plesiomorphic characters with swifts. Its long, thin beak and short and stout humerus and ulna are typical for hummingbirds, but the coracoid resembles that observed in swifts. The osteology of the specimen is generally similar… Expand

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