An Investigation of Innovation in Nonprofit Organizations: The Role of Organizational Mission

  title={An Investigation of Innovation in Nonprofit Organizations: The Role of Organizational Mission},
  author={Robert E. McDonald},
  journal={Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly},
  pages={256 - 281}
Nonprofit organizations are experiencing increasing pressures to be more business-like and to focus on financial outcomes for sustainability and growth. There have been questions whether this attention on performance might come at the cost of serving an organization's mission. The research presented here indicates that a nonprofit organization's mission can facilitate innovation, which has been shown to be a key mediating step in achieving superior organizational performance. Two studies were… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Management innovation in nonprofit organizations: an explorative study of the antecedents
This study explores the antecedents of management innovation in nonprofit organizations. Several research on management innovation have highlighted the antecedents within firms while nonprofit
The climate for innovation in public and nonprofit organizations
The main contribution of this study is the introduction of the concept of innovation climate as it applies to public and nonprofit organizations. An innovation climate is defined as an atmosphere
Organizational slack and its impact on innovation in nonprofit organizations. A theoratical and empirical approach.
Resources are a key to innovative actions -not only, but also- in nonprofit organizations (NPOs). With the societal obligation of NPOs to create innovative and effective approaches in responding to a
Where Innovation Does a World of Good: Entrepreneurial Orientation and Innovative Outcomes in Nonprofit Organizations
Nonprofit organizations face uncertain economic times, yet societal demands on them continue to grow. Innovation has been identified as an important capability for long-term success. However,
Innovation in the nonprofit organizational context: Examining the strategic significance of systems trust and individual resistance to change
In the context of globalization, technological advances, and the development of the knowledge economy, organizations must innovate to remain competitive. Recently, the call for innovation in public
Toward an Understanding of the Role of Human Resources in Cultivating a Climate for Innovation in Nonprofit and Public Organizations
Human resources are vital to an organization’s success and are a driving force behind innovation processes. This study examines the influence of various employee characteristics and their effect on
Nonprofit mission statement focus and financial performance
Mission statements have been adopted nearly universally in nonprofit organizations. Their ubiquity is based on a presumption that a well-designed mission statement is linked to better organizational


Transformational Leadership, Organizational Culture, and Innovativeness in Nonprofit Organizations
This is an exploratory study of leadership, organizational culture, and organizational innovativeness in a sample of nonprofit human service organizations: Associations of Retarded Citizens. Although
Being “Business-Like” in a Nonprofit Organization: A Grounded and Inductive Typology
Little research has systematically examined the concept of being business-like in a non-profit organization setting despite the increased importance of this concept in research, policy, and
Theses on Nonprofit Organizational Effectiveness
This article draws from the general literature on organizational effectiveness and the specialized literature on nonprofit organizational effectiveness to advance six theses about the effectiveness
Innovation, Market Orientation, and Organizational Learning: An Integration and Empirical Examination
Research on market orientation and organizational learning addresses how organizations adapt to their environments and develop competitive advantage. A significant void exists in current models of
Market orientation and organizational performance: Is innovation a missing link?
In recent years, a market-oriented corporate culture increasingly has been considered a key element of superior corporate performance. Although organizational innovativeness is believed to be a
Innovation in Nonprofit Organizations
Innovation as the driving force behind the economic growth of high-income countries has almost exclusively been researched for the private enterprise sector. Nonproft organizations as a growing
The synergistic effect of market orientation and learning orientation on organizational performance
Although a large body of research theoretically asserts a positive relationship between market orientation and organizational performance, fewer empirical studies demonstrate it using multiple and
Entrepreneurship in Established Organizations: The Case of the Public Sector
The potential role of entrepreneurship in public sector organizations is explored. Entrepreneurship is conceptualized as a manageable process with underlying dimensions of innovativeness,
Organizing for Radical Product Innovation: The Overlooked Role of Willingness to Cannibalize
Why are some firms more successful at introducing radical product innovations than others? Following Schumpeter (1942), many researchers have suggested that firm size is the key organizational
Measuring What Matters in Nonprofits
Every nonprofit organization should measure its progress in fulfilling its mission, its success in mobilizing its resources, and its staff's effectiveness on the job. Most nonprofit groups track