Corpus ID: 7422992

An Introduction of Topological Orders

  title={An Introduction of Topological Orders},
  author={X. Wen},
One of most fundamental issues about matter is to understand states of matter and the associated internal orders. In this article, we examine the orders in states of matter in depth and present a new kind of order – topological order. Using fractional quantum Hall states as examples, a simple intuitive picture, the unique properties, and the experimental measurements of topological order are discussed. To gain a deeper understanding of topological order, a concept – quantum order – is… Expand
6 Citations

Figures from this paper