An Illusory Consensus behind GMO Health Assessment

@article{Krimsky2015AnIC,
  title={An Illusory Consensus behind GMO Health Assessment},
  author={Sheldon Krimsky},
  journal={Science, Technology, \& Human Values},
  year={2015},
  volume={40},
  pages={883 - 914}
}
  • S. Krimsky
  • Published 7 August 2015
  • Medicine
  • Science, Technology, & Human Values
Prominent scientists and policymakers assert with confidence that there is no scientific controversy over the health effects of genetically modified organisms (GMOs)—that genetically modified crops currently in commercial use and those yet to be commercialized are inherently safe for human consumption and do not have to be tested. Those who disagree are cast as “GMO deniers.” This article examines scientific reviews and papers on GMOs, compares the findings of professional societies, and… 
GMO AND HEALTH RISKS SELECTED ISSUES
TLDR
It is concluded that research on GMO health risk is still lacking in sound methodology, complexity, continuity, objectivity and remains inconclusive.
Genetically Modified Crops, Inclusion, and Democracy
  • D. Hicks
  • Sociology
    Perspectives on Science
  • 2017
The public controversy over genetically modified (GM) crops is predominantly framed in terms of health and safety risks to humans and the environment. However, opponents of GM crops are motivated by
The GMO Industry: A Neglected Earthly Frontier
ABSTRACT The production of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is a topic of intense debate across the globe. It is thought that the success of the GMO industry has been impeded by negative
Attitudes toward genetically modified organisms in Poland: to GMO or not to GMO?
TLDR
Generally, the greatest scepticism towards GMOs and GM foods was expressed by farmers, medical workers and school teachers while the greatest enthusiasm was shown by students of medical and life sciences, and researchers/academicians.
Frankenfish or Fish to Feed the World? Scientism and Biotechnology Regulatory Policy†
Scientism is an attempt to apply the methods and approach of the natural sciences to matters of human social and political concern. Scientism-based discourse has been used to reframe the public
“Antiscience Zealotry”? Values, Epistemic Risk, and the GMO Debate
  • J. Biddle
  • Philosophy
    Philosophy of Science
  • 2018
This article argues that the controversy over genetically modified crops is best understood not in terms of the supposed bias, dishonesty, irrationality, or ignorance on the part of proponents or
GMO Labeling Policy and Consumer Choice
Most scientists claim that genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in foods are safe for human consumption and offer societal benefits such as better nutritional content. However, many consumers remain
Scientific mistakes from the agri-food biotech critics
TLDR
Among several errors, the misuse of the Precautionary principle, a misplaced alarm about “uncontrolled spreading” of genetically engineered cultivars and the groundless comparison of (hypothetical) agricultural products from NBTs with known toxic substances are criticized.
The necessary "GMO" denialism and scientific consensus
“Genetically Modified Organisms” are not a consistent category: it is impossible to discuss such a miscellaneous bunch of products, deriving from various biotech methods, as if they had a common
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 88 REFERENCES
No scientific consensus on GMO safety
TLDR
A broad community of independent scientific researchers and scholars challenges recent claims of a consensus over the safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and concludes that the scarcity and contradictory nature of the scientific evidence published to date prevents conclusive claims of safety, or of lack ofsafety, of GMOs.
Debate on GMOs Health Risks after Statistical Findings in Regulatory Tests
TLDR
This study concluded that hepatorenal toxicities were possible, and that longer testing was necessary, and was criticized by the company developing the GMOs in question and the regulatory bodies.
Conflicts of interest at the European Food Safety Authority erode public confidence
TLDR
Europe's food safety agency, the European Food Safety Authority, dismissed Seralini's study on the grounds of ‘inadequate design, analysis and reporting’, sparking renewed accusations of conflicts of interest of the type that have plagued the agency since its founding in 2002.
GM Food Safety: Scientific and Institutional Issues
j LECTIN STUDY In 1995 the then Scottish OfŽ ce of Agriculture, Environment and Fisheries Department (SOAEFD) advertised a research programme on safety aspects of GM crops. Until then, there was not
A literature review on the safety assessment of genetically modified plants.
Risk assessment of genetically modified crops for nutrition and health.
TLDR
The most common result is that GM and conventional sources induce similar nutritional performance and growth in animals, however, adverse microscopic and molecular effects of some GM foods in different organs or tissues have been reported.
The safety of genetically modified foods produced through biotechnology.
TLDR
The SOT defines here its current consensus position on the safety of foods produced through biotechnology (genetic engineering), and supports the use of the substantial equivalence concept as part of the safety assessment of biotechnology-derived foods.
Can Science Give Us the Tools for Recognizing Possible Health Risks of GM Food?†
TLDR
The conclusion appears to be that as the tools for the recognition and indeed for the elimination of the risks GM foods may present for us are available or can be developed, it is the will and the funding for such work that needs to be found.
Conflicts of interests, confidentiality and censorship in health risk assessment: the example of an herbicide and a GMO
TLDR
The present opinion is a summary of the debate resulting in this retraction of the study, as it is a historic example of conflicts of interest in the scientific assessments of products commercialized worldwide.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...