An Historic Chinese Abalone Fishery on California’s Northern Channel Islands

  title={An Historic Chinese Abalone Fishery on California’s Northern Channel Islands},
  author={Todd J. Braje and Jon M. Erlandson and Torben C. Rick},
  journal={Historical Archaeology},
Beginning in the 1850s, Chinese abalone fishermen developed an intensive commercial fishery focused on the abundant black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii) stocks of Alta and Baja California. They systematically harvested and dried tons of abalone meat and shells from intertidal waters and shipped them to markets in mainland China and America. Several legislative attempts were made to curtail Chinese involvement in the fishing industry, claiming they were harvesting abalone without regard to size… 

Sea of Prosperity: Foundations of the California Commercial Abalone Fishery

Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, the first commercial abalone fishery sprang to life along the shores of central and southern California, an industry founded and developed by pioneering

Historical ecology can inform restoration site selection: the case of black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii) along California's Channel Islands

Using a combination of ancient and historical archaeological data and modern commercial fishing records, four optimal locations for restoration based on past relative abundances of black abalone were identified: north-western, north-eastern, and south-central San Miguel Island and western San Nicolas Island.

The Fresh and the Salted: Chinese Migrant Fisheries Engagement and Trade in Nineteenth-Century North America

  • J. R. Kennedy
  • History, Environmental Science
    Journal of Ethnobiology
  • 2017
Zooarchaeological identifications of fish taxa at nineteenth-century Chinese migrant sites in North America indicate that Chinese consumers maintained local, regional, and international connections

The Archaeology of Overseas Chinese Abalone Fishermen on Santa Rosa Island, Alta California海外华人鲍鱼渔民在加州中北部圣罗莎岛之考古研究

In the mid-nineteenth century, Chinese immigrants to Gold Rush California built the first commercial abalone fishery along North America’s west coast. Their efforts to establish an abalone meat and

Of Seals, Sea Lions, and Abalone: The Archaeology of an Historical Multiethnic Base Camp on San Miguel Island, California

Recent archaeological reconnaissance and excavation on western San Miguel Island have uncovered the remains of a multicomponent and multiethnic historical base camp. Surface collections and

Red Abalone, Sea Otters, and Kelp Forest Ecosystems on Historic Period San Miguel Island, California

With prominent marine scientists calling for deeper historical perspectives to overcome the “shifting baselines” syndrome and help restore fisheries and ecosystems degraded by human overexploitation

Geographic and Temporal Variability of Middle Holocene Red Abalone Middens on San Miguel Island, California

  • T. Braje
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2007
For at least the last half-century, Middle Holocene red abalone middens have been of interest to a variety of scientists working on the Channel Islands of California. Paleoclimatologists,



Complex Hunter-Gatherer-Fishers of Prehistoric California: Chiefs, Specialists, and Maritime Adaptations of the Channel Islands

The Chumash of the Santa Barbara Channel region were among the most economically and politically complex hunter–gatherer cultures of the New World. In recent decades, rich ethnohistorical documents

An optimal foraging analysis of prehistoric shellfish collecting on San Clemente Island, California

-The subsistence yield of black abalones (Haliotis cracherodii) and black turban snails <Tegula funebralis} was estimated within prehistoric aboriginal shell middens dated 250-2830 B.P. on San

Fish Bulletin No. 14. Report on the Seals and Sea Lions of California, 1928

Author(s): Bonnot, Paul | Abstract: In 1926 a few complaints and several petitions were received by the Division of Fish and Game from the fishing industries regarding damage to fishing by seals and


This work uses historical data to define baselines for abalone in California and to evaluate current abundances and suggest restoration targets, and uses the fishery as a “sampling tool” to estimate baseline abundances.

An archaeological and paleontological chronology for Daisy Cave (CA-SMI-261), San Miguel Island, California.

We provide detailed contextual information on 25 14C dates for unusually well-preserved archaeological and paleontological remains from Daisy Cave. Paleontological materials, including faunal and

Kelp forest ecosystems: biodiversity, stability, resilience and future

The conditions in which kelp forests develop globally and where, why and at what rate they become deforested are reviewed and overfishing appears to be the greatest manageable threat to kelp forest ecosystems over the 2025 time horizon.

The Island Chumash: Behavioral Ecology of a Maritime Society

CHAPTER 1 Introduction Study Area, Climate Change and Emergent Cultural Complexity, Note on Chronology CHAPTER 2 Human Behavioral Ecology and Maritime Societies Maritime Foraging Strategies, Diet

Zooarchaeology and Historical Archaeology: Progress and Prospects

This review assesses the development and current status of zooarchaeological research in historical archaeology. Analytical issues in recovery, identification, quantification and interpretation are