An Extreme Case of Plant–Insect Codiversification: Figs and Fig-Pollinating Wasps

  title={An Extreme Case of Plant–Insect Codiversification: Figs and Fig-Pollinating Wasps},
  author={Astrid Cruaud and Nina R{\o}nsted and Bhanumas Chantarasuwan and Lien-Siang Chou and Wendy L Clement and Arnaud Couloux and Benjamin R. Cousins and Gwena{\"e}lle Genson and Rhett D. Harrison and Paul Hanson and Martine Hossaert-McKey and Roula Jabbour‐Zahab and Emmanuelle Jousselin and Carole Kerdelhu{\'e} and Finn Kjellberg and Carlos Lopez‐Vaamonde and John Peebles and Yanqiong Peng and Rodrigo Augusto Santinelo Pereira and Tselil Schramm and Rosichon Ubaidillah and Simon van Noort and George D. Weiblen and Da‐Rong Yang and Anak Yodpinyanee and Ran Libeskind-Hadas and James M. Cook and Jean‐Yves Rasplus and Vincent Savolainen},
  journal={Systematic Biology},
  pages={1029 - 1047}
It is thought that speciation in phytophagous insects is often due to colonization of novel host plants, because radiations of plant and insect lineages are typically asynchronous. Recent phylogenetic comparisons have supported this model of diversification for both insect herbivores and specialized pollinators. An exceptional case where contemporaneous plant-insect diversification might be expected is the obligate mutualism between fig trees (Ficus species, Moraceae) and their pollinating… 

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