An Exploratory Study on the Measurement and Analysis of Making-Do in Construction Sites

@inproceedings{Formoso2011AnES,
  title={An Exploratory Study on the Measurement and Analysis of Making-Do in Construction Sites},
  author={Carlos Torres Formoso and Lucila Sommer and Lauri Koskela and Eduardo Lu{\'i}s Isatto},
  year={2011}
}
Making-do has been pointed out as a major cause of waste in the construction industry. It refers to a situation in which a task starts without having available all the inputs required for its completion. Those inputs refer not only to materials, but also to other resources, such as machinery, tools, personnel, external conditions, information, etc. By contrast, the literature points out that improvisation is a ubiquitous human practice even in highly structured business organisations, and play… CONTINUE READING

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Manager Perception and Decision for Making-Do in China v.s. In the U.S.

Ashtad Javanmardi, YuXiang Zhang, +4 authors Simon M. Hsiang
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