An Exploratory Study on Perceived Relationship of Alcohol, Caffeine, and Physical Activity on Hot Flashes in Menopausal Women

  title={An Exploratory Study on Perceived Relationship of Alcohol, Caffeine, and Physical Activity on Hot Flashes in Menopausal Women},
  author={Jay Kandiah and Valerie Amend},
This study examined the effects of caffeine, alcohol, and physical activity (PA) on the perceived frequency and severity of hot flashes in menopausal women. Female employees at a Mid-Western university were invited to participate in an on-line survey. The 26-itemized Wo- men’s Health Survey (WHS) included questions regarding demographics, menopausal stage, experience of hot flashes, consumption of caffeinated beverages and alcohol, and participation in PA. One-hundred and ninety-six women… 

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