An Experimental Test of Stigma Communication Content with a Hypothetical Infectious Disease Alert

@article{Smith2012AnET,
  title={An Experimental Test of Stigma Communication Content with a Hypothetical Infectious Disease Alert},
  author={Rachel A Smith},
  journal={Communication Monographs},
  year={2012},
  volume={79},
  pages={522 - 538}
}
Recent interest in the role of communication in stigma creation, diffusion, and copying has inspired theorizing. This study presents the first empirical test of one model of stigma communication (Smith, 2007), with a hypothetical infectious disease alert. This study uses an experiment (N=333) to illustrate how changing several words and monitoring four cognitive and affective reactions and a personality trait becomes predictive of almost half (R 2=.49) of the variance in support for… Expand
Testing the Model of Stigma Communication with a Factorial Experiment in an Interpersonal Context
TLDR
A factorial experiment in which the outcomes refer to a hypothetical acquaintance was extended, showing that message content, message reactions, and disgust sensitivity predicted intentions to regulate the infected acquaintance's interactions and lifestyle and participants’ likelihood of telling others about the acquaintance's infection. Expand
Understanding the Effects of Stigma Messages: Danger Appraisal and Message Judgments
TLDR
A revised model of stigma message effects is presented in which exposure to stigma messages leads to stigma beliefs and stigmatization as a result of a person-oriented danger appraisal, and message judgments—shock value and common ground—are introduced as mediators of the relationship between danger appraisal and social transmission. Expand
Advancing Research on the Spread of Stigmatizing Beliefs With Insights From Rumor Transmission
The essay examined a commonly stated but rarely elaborated assumption in stigma theories: Stigma must be socialized to engender community-level marginalization and discrimination. Existing researchExpand
Stigma activation through dis-identification: cognitive bias triggered by mass media photos of people with obesity
ABSTRACT This study investigated how the prevalent visual depiction of obesity in the media promotes stigmatization of obese individuals. Particularly, this study proposed and tested the twoExpand
Weight-Based Stigma and Self-Esteem: A Test and Extension of the Stigma Communication Model
Personal experience with weight-based stigma is negatively associated with self-esteem (Myers & Rosen, 1999). Our study examines how self-esteem is affected by exposure to weight-based stigmaExpand
The impact of fear versus state empathy on persuasion and social stigma
ABSTRACT The study investigated the impact of fear and state empathy on persuasion and social stigma. Eighteen professionally produced public service announcements (PSAs) were employed as stimuli inExpand
The Influence of Stigmatizing Messages on Danger Appraisal: Examining the Model of Stigma Communication for Opioid-Related Stigma, Policy Support, and Related Outcomes.
TLDR
Results reveal that opioid stigma messages influence different outcomes depending on the content of those messages, and the model of stigma communication provides a framework for understanding these relationships. Expand
Reducing mental illness stigma: What types of images are most effective?
TLDR
It was found that the illustrated narratives, whether with photo or cartoon, produced more anti-stigma effects than the text-only narrative (control) and that photographs are sometimes more persuasive than cartoons. Expand
Positive exposure to Muslims and perceptions of a disdainful public: A model of mediated social dissent
ABSTRACT Muslims are routinely and distortedly associated with danger and terrorist activity in the media. Such depictions have clear implications for the social behaviors oriented toward this socialExpand
Emerging Patterns of Stigma Management Communication Strategies Among Burn Survivors and Relational Partners
Despite recent theorizing on stigma management relevant to interpersonal settings and health communication, few studies have considered how people make sense of and discursively manage stigma inExpand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Language of the Lost: An Explication of Stigma Communication
Although stigmas appear throughout history, even in present-day virtual communities, an explanation of stigma communication has yet to be offered; this essay attempts to do just that. This essayExpand
Stigmatization of newly emerging infectious diseases: AIDS and SARS.
TLDR
Personal resources and mental health factors are likely to influence the public's ability to learn about, rationally appraise the threat of, and minimize stigmatization of emerging infectious diseases such as AIDS and SARS. Expand
Stigma Management Communication: A Theory and Agenda for Applied Research on How Individuals Manage Moments of Stigmatized Identity
Despite increasing interest in the negative impact of stigma, a comprehensive theoretical frame to the discursive management of stigma is lacking. This paper advances stigma research by integratingExpand
A modified labeling theory approach to mental disorders: An empirical assessment.
Critics of labeling theory vigorously dispute Scheff's (1966) provocative etiological hypothesis and downplay the importance of factors such as stigma and stereotyping. We propose a modified labelingExpand
The Personality of the Stigmatizer: Cultural World View, Conventionalism, and Self-Esteem
Abstract Two studies were conducted to investigate individual differences in the rejection of stigmatized people. In Study 1, two factors predicted rejection: (1) a cynical world view, characterizedExpand
Stigma in the time of influenza: social and institutional responses to pandemic emergencies.
This article examines the role of stigma in social and institutional responses to infectious disease emergencies, to better understand and minimize these dynamics in the event of a pandemic ofExpand
Stigma; Notes On The Management Of Spoiled Identity
CONTENTS 1. Stigma and Social Identity Preliminary Conceptions The Own and the Wise Moral Career 2. Information Control and Personal Identity The Discredited and the Discreditable Social InformationExpand
Communicating about emerging infectious disease: The importance of research
TLDR
Current risk communication theory, whose focus has historically been on more obviously controversial technological/environmental situations, should guide research, as it would highlight important contextual factors in which to embed emerging infectious disease communication. Expand
From prejudice to intergroup emotions : differentiated reactions to social groups
From Prejudice to Intergroup Emotions: Differentiated Reactions to Social Groups Edited by Diane Mackie and Eliot Smith 1: Beyond Prejudice: Moving from Positive and Negative Evaluations toExpand
Culture and group perception: dispositional and stereotypic inferences about novel and national groups.
TLDR
Guided by culturally based lay theories about the entitative nature of groups, Chinese participants may stereotype more readily than do Americans when group membership is available as a source of dispositional inference. Expand
...
1
2
...