An Enemy Old and New: The Dönme, Anti-Semitism, and Conspiracy Theories in the Ottoman Empire and Turkish Republic

  title={An Enemy Old and New: The D{\"o}nme, Anti-Semitism, and Conspiracy Theories in the Ottoman Empire and Turkish Republic},
  author={Marc David Baer},
  journal={Jewish Quarterly Review},
  pages={523 - 555}
  • M. Baer
  • Published 1 October 2013
  • Political Science
  • Jewish Quarterly Review
The main focal point in Ottoman and Turkish antisemitism is the figure of the Dönme—the descendants of Jews who converted to Islam along with their messiah Shabbatai Tzevi. The focus on the Dönme arises from the perception of the Salonikan-based Young Turks as a cabal of Dönme, or secret Jews. It was immediately in the wake of the 1908 constitutional revolution—which culminated in the dethronement of Abdülhamid II, and ultimately led to the construction of the secular Turkish republic—that… 
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