An Empirical Test of a Clinical Metacognitive Model of Rumination and Depression

  title={An Empirical Test of a Clinical Metacognitive Model of Rumination and Depression},
  author={Costas Papageorgiou and Adrian Wells},
  journal={Cognitive Therapy and Research},
Rumination has attracted increasing theoretical and empirical interest in the past 15 years. Previous research has demonstrated significant relationships between rumination, depression, and metacognition. Two studies were conducted to further investigate these relationships and test the fit of a clinical metacognitive model of rumination and depression in samples of both depressed and nondepressed participants. In these studies, we collected cross-sectional data of rumination, depression, and… 

A Prospective Test of the Clinical Metacognitive Model of Rumination and Depression

Rumination is a salient feature of dysphoria and depression. According to metacognitive theory (Wells & Matthews, 1994; Wells, 2009) metacognitive beliefs are associated with rumination and

Empirical Evidence of the Metacognitive Model of Rumination and Depression in Clinical and Nonclinical Samples: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Rumination is considered a cognitive vulnerability factor in the development and maintenance of depression. The metacognitive model of rumination and depression suggests that the development of

Testing the Metacognitive Model of Rumination and Depression in Non-clinical Population: New Data about PBRS and NBRS Scales

Rumination is a maladaptive emotion regulation strategy linked to depression. An intriguing question is why some people tend to use it. The metacognitive model proposes that people having positive

Positive and Negative Beliefs About Depressive Rumination: A Psychometric Evaluation of Two Self-Report Scales and a Test of a Clinical Metacognitive Model of Rumination and Depression

The present study sought to investigate psychometric properties of the Positive Beliefs about Rumination Scale (PBRS) and the Negative Beliefs about Rumination Scale (NBRS), two self-report measures

A Prospective Test of the Metacognitive Model of Depression in Previously Depressed Individuals

Metacognitive theory proposes that depression is caused by excessive rumination, which is in turn maintained by maladaptive positive and negative beliefs about rumination (“metacognitions”) and

Metacognitive Beliefs and Rumination: A Longitudinal Study

High prevalence and costs of depression underline the importance of understanding and treating vulnerability factors of depression such as rumination. Given the role of rumination in predicting the

The metacognitive model of depression: An empirical test in a large Norwegian sample

Examining the role of positive and negative metacognitive beliefs in depression.

Regression analyses showed that metacognitive beliefs made a significant statistical contribution to depressive symptoms, after controlling for age, gender, rumination and dysfunctional attitudes, and indicates that positive and negative metac cognitive beliefs play an integral role in the maintenance of depressive symptoms.

The Role of Executive Functioning in Adolescent Rumination and Depression

Research has underscored the importance of adolescence in the development of depression and its associated key risk factors, namely rumination. Recently, there has been an emphasis on exploring the

[Examination of the Metacognitive Model of Depression in a Turkish University Student Sample].

  • A. E. Yılmaz
  • Psychology
    Turk psikiyatri dergisi = Turkish journal of psychiatry
  • 2016
The findings obtained from the present study support the validity of the basic components of the metacognitive model of depression in a Turkish sample using structural equation modeling.



The response styles theory of depression: tests and an extension of the theory.

Both a ruminative RS as measured in an ND state and the use of rumination during the firstDE predicted the severity of that episode, and neither trait nor state rumination predicted the duration of the first DE.

Metacognitive beliefs about rumination in recurrent major depression

Effects of responses to depression on the remediation of depressive affect.

It was hypothesized that distracting, active responses would be more effective in alleviating a depressed mood than would ruminative, passive responses, and the greatest remediation of depressed mood was found in Ss in the distracting-active response condition.

Responses to depression in unipolar depressed patients: an investigation of Nolen-Hoeksema's response styles theory

It is suggested that rumination is likely to have a deteriorating impact on the course of clinical episodes of depression in unipolar depressed patients and larger longitudinal patient studies are needed to validate these findings.

Process and meta-cognitive dimensions of depressive and anxious thoughts and relationships with emotional intensity

Cognitive theorists have argued that different types of thinking characterize different emotional states. Recently, in an information-processing model of emotional disorder, Wells and Matthews (1994,

Explaining the gender difference in depressive symptoms.

Chronic strain, low mastery, and rumination were each more common in women than in men and mediated the gender difference in depressive symptoms and contributed to more rumination and less mastery over time.

Responses to depression and their effects on the duration of depressive episodes.

How response styles can explain the greater likelihood of depression in women than men is discussed and the response styles theory is compared to other theories of the duration of depression.

Treatment of recurrent major depression with Attention Training