An Empirical Propagation Model for Forest Environments at Tree Trunk Level

  title={An Empirical Propagation Model for Forest Environments at Tree Trunk Level},
  author={J. A. R. Azevedo and F. E. S. Santos},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation},
The estimation of the received signal strength inside forest environments is very dependent on the vegetation density. However, most published empirical models only provide calculation of the path loss as a function of distance and frequency. The importance of these models is their simplicity. This paper presents a model that was developed from an extensive measurement campaign carried out for different vegetation densities and types of trees. Noting the typical decaying behaviour of signal… CONTINUE READING
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