An Empirical Model of Total Solar Irradiance Variation Between 1874 and 1988

@article{Foukal1990AnEM,
  title={An Empirical Model of Total Solar Irradiance Variation Between 1874 and 1988},
  author={Peter V. Foukal and J. L. Lean},
  journal={Science},
  year={1990},
  volume={247},
  pages={556 - 558}
}
An empirical model of variations in the total solar irradiance caused by observed changes in photospheric magnetic activity between 1874 and 1988 is presented. The model provides a remarkably good representation of the irradiance variations observed by satellite-borne radiometers between 1980 and 1988. It suggests that the mean total irradiance has been rising steadily since about 1945, with the largest peak so far at about 1980 and another large peak expected during the current solar cycle 22… Expand

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