An Empirical Assessment of What We Know About Structural Covariates of Homicide Rates: A Return to a Classic 20 Years Later

@article{Mccall2010AnEA,
  title={An Empirical Assessment of What We Know About Structural Covariates of Homicide Rates: A Return to a Classic 20 Years Later},
  author={Patricia L. Mccall and Kenneth C. Land and Karen F. Parker},
  journal={Homicide Studies},
  year={2010},
  volume={14},
  pages={219 - 243}
}
As the 20-year mark since the publication of an article by Kenneth C. Land, Patricia L. McCall, and Lawrence Cohen, “Structural Covariates of Homicide Rates: Are There Any Invariances Across Time and Social Space?” approaches, the question that these scholars originally posed is raised again: Have researchers been able to identify a set of robust structural covariates that consistently predict crime rates? Subsequent to the publication of this piece, numerous scholars have replicated and… 

Tables from this paper

American crime drops: Investigating the breaks, dips and drops in temporal homicide.

The Age Structure-Crime Rate Relationship: Solving a Long-Standing Puzzle

ObjectivesDevelop the concept of differential institutional engagement and test its ability to explain discrepant findings regarding the relationship between the age structure and homicide rates

Revisiting the Quality and Use of Race-Specific Homicide Data

Our research revisits prior work by Neapolitan (2005) on the quality and use of race-specific homicide data. Neapolitan reported that correlations between Black homicide offending rates based on

Structural Determinants of Homicide: The Big Three

Building upon and expanding the previous research into structural determinants of homicide, particularly the work of Land, McCall, and Cohen (1990), the current paper introduces a multilevel

The National Death Index as a Source of Homicide Data: A Methodological Exposition of Promises and Pitfalls for Criminologists

The National Death Index (NDI), a comprehensive and well-established database compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics, is an untapped source of homicide data that offers identifiable linkages to other data sources while retaining national coverage.

Homicide clearances during pre- and post-U.S. crime drop eras: the role of structural predictors and demographic shifts, 1976–2015

ABSTRACT Increased attention to the U.S. crime drop has heightened awareness of the rise and fall in homicide rates over time, and the role structural and demographic characteristics have played in

The spatiotemporal dynamics and structural covariates of homicide in the Republic of Korea, 2008-2017: A dynamic spatial panel data approach.

This study examined the relationship between the homicide rate and diverse indicators of social disorganization in the Republic of Korea (South Korea) using datasets collected between 2008 and 2017.

Declines in Crime and Teen Childbearing: Identifying Potential Explanations for Contemporaneous Trends

4 of the 20 predictors examined—growth in the service sector of the labor market, increasing racial diversity especially among Hispanics, escalating levels of migration, and the expansion of family planning services to low-income women—offer the most convincing explanations for why rates of violent crime and teen births have been steadily decreasing over time.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 85 REFERENCES

Structural Covariates of Homicide Rates: Are There Any Invariances Across Time and Social Space?

This study demonstrate that the empirical literature on the structural convariates of homicide rates contains inconsistent findings across different time periods and different geographical units.

Assessing Changes in the Effect of Divorce Rates on Homicide Rates Across Large U.S. Cities, 1960-2000: Revisiting the Chicago School

Researchers commonly include a measure of the level of divorce among the standard covariates in macro-level studies of homicide, justifying this practice with reference to social disorganization

HOMICIDE, STRUCTURAL FACTORS, AND THE RACIAL INVARIANCE ASSUMPTION

Structural theories in criminology generally assume that the effects of structural conditions on homicide are the same for all race-groups. However, previous homicide research testing this assumption

Structural Covariates Of Homicide Rates: Does Type Of Homicide Matter?

This research extends a 1990 study by Land, McCall, and Cohen on the structural covariates of homicide rates. Examining neighborhoods in St. Louis, this study assesses whether socioeconomic and

The Social Production of Criminal Homicide: A Comparative Study of Disaggregated Rates in American Cities

The growing research on comparative studies of homicide in the United States reveals significant methodological advances but inconsistent findings. A major goal is to identify sources of

A Move Toward Specificity: Examining Urban Disadvantage and Race-and Relationship-Specific Homicide Rates

The purpose of this research is to estimate the differential impact of structural conditions on race- and relationship-specific homicide rates for U.S. cities in 1990. The structural conditions

Why some generations are more violent than others: assessment of age, period, and cohort effects.

Differences in the rates of violence over time may be attributed to changing social factors (period effects) and not to differences between the individuals (cohort effect) of cohorts.

Structural Factors and Black Interracial Homicide: A New Examination of the Causal Process

This study evaluates the assumption that deprivation among African Americans and racial inequality lead to black interracial homicide due to racial conflict and antagonism. Using refined

Retaliatory Homicide: Concentrated Disadvantage and Neighborhood Culture

Much of the research on violent crime is situated within an exclusively structural or subcultural framework. Some recent work, however, argues that these unidimensional approaches are inherently
...