An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force

@article{Fryer2019AnEA,
  title={An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force},
  author={Roland G. Fryer},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={2019},
  volume={127},
  pages={1210 - 1261}
}
This paper explores racial differences in police use of force. On nonlethal uses of force, blacks and Hispanics are more than 50 percent more likely to experience some form of force in interactions with police. Adding controls that account for important context and civilian behavior reduces, but cannot fully explain, these disparities. On the most extreme use of force—officer-involved shootings—we find no racial differences either in the raw data or when contextual factors are taken into… 

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