An Emerging Disease Causes Regional Population Collapse of a Common North American Bat Species

  title={An Emerging Disease Causes Regional Population Collapse of a Common North American Bat Species},
  author={Winifred F. Frick and Jacob Freas Pollock and Alan C. Hicks and Kate E. Langwig and D. Scott Reynolds and Gregory G. Turner and Calvin M. Butchkoski and Thomas H. Kunz},
  pages={679 - 682}
Threats to and from Bats Bats appear to be able to host an assortment of alarming pathogens, which, if they do not extirpate the bats, have implications for human health (see the Perspective by Daszak). For example, exposure to bats is the main source of human rabies in the Americas. But rabies is not generally transmitted among people; humans are a dead end for the virus. Streicker et al. (p. 676, see the cover) show that rabies virus lineages tend to be specific for bat lineages. It seems… 
On Viruses, Bats and Men: A Natural History of Food-Borne Viral Infections
  • H. Brüssow
  • Biology
    Viruses: Essential Agents of Life
  • 2012
In this chapter, cross-species infections from bats to humans are reviewed that do or do not use intermediate animal amplification hosts and that lead to human-human transmissions with various
White-Nose Syndrome in Bats
A synthesis of the current state of knowledge on white-nose syndrome, including disease mechanisms, disease ecology, global distribution and conservation and management efforts is presented.
Inoculation of bats with European Geomyces destructans supports the novel pathogen hypothesis for the origin of white-nose syndrome
It is demonstrated that altered torpor-arousal cycles underlie mortality from white-nose syndrome and provide direct evidence that Gd is a novel pathogen to North America from Europe.
Zoonotic Viruses and Conservation of Bats
Many of the recently emerging highly virulent zoonotic diseases have a likely bat origin, for example Hendra, Nipah, Ebola and diseases caused by coronaviruses. Presumably because of their long
Potential Spread of White-Nose Syndrome of Bats to the Northwest: Epidemiological Considerations
Current epidemiological knowledge about white-nose syndrome is summarized, in an ecological context relevant to efforts to understand the epidemic and predict its potential to spread to western bat populations.
Bats, in Black and White
Two bat studies tackle the “black box” of cross-species virus transmission and the impact of white-nose syndrome and demonstrate the value and importance of monitoring wildlife diseases, which can have major impacts on both human health and ecosystems.
Experimental infection of Jamaican fruit bats (Artibeus jamaicensis) with Tacaribe virus
Sequence analysis shows cDNAs of four cytokine genes are highly conserved with regard to orthologous sequences and they provide some value for resolving phylogenetic relationships between mammals.
White-Nose Syndrome Fungus: A Generalist Pathogen of Hibernating Bats
Investigation of Pseudogymnoascus destructans infection in relation to chiropteran ecology, behaviour and phylogenetics suggests that the pathogen may be a generalist and that all bats hibernating within the distribution range of P. destructans may be at risk of infection.
Collapse of Amphibian Communities Due to an Introduced Ranavirus


West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations
The findings demonstrate the potential impacts of an invasive species on a diverse faunal assemblage across broad geographical scales, and underscore the complexity of subsequent community response.
Emerging infectious disease and the loss of biodiversity in a Neotropical amphibian community.
  • K. Lips, Forrest Brem, J. Collins
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2006
An outbreak of chytridiomycosis in Panama is described and it is argued that this infectious disease has played an important role in amphibian population declines and the high virulence and large number of potential hosts of this emerging infectious disease threaten global amphibian diversity.
Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife--threats to biodiversity and human health.
These phenomena have two major biological implications: many wildlife species are reservoirs of pathogens that threaten domestic animal and human health; second, wildlife EIDs pose a substantial threat to the conservation of global biodiversity.
Bat White-Nose Syndrome: An Emerging Fungal Pathogen?
Direct microscopy and culture analyses demonstrated that the skin of WNS-affected bats is colonized by a psychro-philic fungus that is phylogenetically related to Geomyces spp.
Chytridiomycosis causes amphibian mortality associated with population declines in the rain forests of Australia and Central America.
  • L. Berger, R. Speare, H. Parkes
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
Experimental data support the conclusion that cutaneous chytridiomycosis is a fatal disease of anurans, and it is hypothesize that it is the proximate cause of these recent amphibian declines.
Biology and Migration of the Bat, Myotis lucifugus, in New England
In summer, bats appear to be most abundant in an area of overlap known to be served by these three retreats, while in winter, the population wintering in the cave is estimated to be 300,000 ± 30,000.
Monitoring trends in bat populations of the United States and territories : problems and prospects
This volume reports findings of an expert workshop held to examine monitoring populations of bats in the U.S. and territories, and considers techniques and problems, and summarizes what is known about the status and trends in selected groups of bats.