An El Jobo Mastodon Kill at Taima-taima, Venezuela

  title={An El Jobo Mastodon Kill at Taima-taima, Venezuela},
  author={Alan Lyle Bryan and R Casamiquela and Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Cruxent and Ruth Gruhn and Claudio Ochsenius},
  pages={1275 - 1277}
Excavation at Taima-taima in 1976 recovered artifacts of the El Jobo complex in direct association with the butchered remains of a juvenile mastodon. Radiocarbon dates on associated wood twigs indicate a minimum age of 13,000 years before the present for the mastodon kill, a dating significantly older than that of the Clovis complex in North America. The El Jobo complex must have evolved independently in northern South America. 

Procesamiento de fauna extinta durante la transición Pleistoceno-Holoceno en el centro-norte de Chile

We discuss faunal and contextual information of four late Pleistocene archaeological sites (Tagua Tagua 1 and 2, Quebrada Santa Julia, and Valiente) of Central-North Chile (~31° to 35° S). We

Taphonomic analysis of late Pleistocene mastodon occurrences: evidence of butchery by North American Paleo-Indians

  • D. Fisher
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1984
Taphonomic analysis of several late Pleistocene mastodon (Mammut americanum) skeletons excavated in southern Michigan provides compelling evidence of mastodon butchery by Paleo-Indians. The

Damaged glyptodontid skulls from Late Pleistocene sites of northwestern Venezuela: evidence of hunting by humans?

The Muaco and Taima-Taima sites, in Falcón State of northwestern Venezuela, are among the earliest sites of human occupation in South America containing artifacts associated with preserved megafaunal

A New View on the Late Pleistocene Lithic Remains from Pikimachay Cave, South Central Peru

Between 1966 and 1972, Richard MacNeish led the “Ayacucho Archaeological-Botanical Project” in the Ayacucho Basin, south-central Peru. Over the last decade, we reappraised the lithics recovered in

Neogene vertebrates from Urumaco, Falcón State, Venezuela: Diversity and significance

Several freshwater species, including Serrasalminae fish, thorny catfishes, silver croaker, redtail catfishing, matamata turtle, river dolphin and probable sirenians, are consistent with the hypothesis that a tributary and/or delta of the Orinoco existed in this area of north‐western Venezuela during late Miocene times.

Diversity of the fossil gomphotheres from South America

ABSTRACT The contemporary mammalian communities of South America were defined by the rise of the Isthmus of Panama and by the deep climatic oscillations during the Pleistocene. Gomphotheres are a

Mastodon butchery by North American Paleo-Indians

  • D. Fisher
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1984
It has often been argued that North American Paleo-Indians hunted both mammoths and mastodons1–3. However, while numerous archaeological sites involving mammoths (genus Mammuthus) are recognized3,4,

Neotropical Anachronisms: The Fruits the Gomphotheres Ate

Plant distributions in neotropical forest and grassland mixes that are moderately and patchily browsed by free-ranging livestock may be more like those before megafaunal extinction than were those present at the time of Spanish conquest.



Some Recent Radiocarbon Dates for Western Venezuela

Abstract Two recent series of radiocarbon analyses, from Muaco and Rancho Peludo in western Venezuela, would seem at first glance to provide the oldest dates in the New World for stone projectile

A Lithic Industry of Paleo-Indian Type in Venezuela

In the latter part of January, 1956, the Universidad Central de Venezuela commissioned me to explore the region of Pedregal in the State of Falcón, northwestern Venezuela (Fig. 1). For some years, I

The Antiquity of Man in South America

  • T. F. Lynch
  • Environmental Science
    Quaternary Research
  • 1974

Instituto Venezolano De Investigaciones Cientificas Natural Radiocarbon Measurements VII

The samples reported in this date list were processed during 1970. Alter preliminary sample treatments including carbonates and rootlet removal, a complete benzene synthesis was made. This liquid

The earliest americans.

Third graders will enjoy journeying through ancient America as they learn about civilizations that built their homes in cliffs, buried their treasures in mounds, and whose ancestors live on today in the authors' country, keeping many traditions alive from their past.

The Discovery of America

Should the model survive future findings, it will mean that the extinction chronology of the Pleistocene megafauna can be used to map the spread of Homo sapiens throughout the New World.