# An Efficient Integral Equation Method for Full-wave Analysis of Inhomogeneous Electromagnetic Surfaces with Connected Conductors

@article{Gholami2021AnEI, title={An Efficient Integral Equation Method for Full-wave Analysis of Inhomogeneous Electromagnetic Surfaces with Connected Conductors}, author={Reza Gholami and Parinaz Naseri and Piero Triverio and Sean Victor Hum}, journal={ArXiv}, year={2021}, volume={abs/2107.13523} }

In this paper, a generalized macromodeling approach is presented to simulate complex electromagnetic (EM) surfaces consisting of unit cells with connected conductors. Macromodels of each unit cell are produced by applying the equivalence principle on fictitious surfaces encapsulating them. Unit cells often consist of multiple dielectric layers and conductor traces, featuring multiscale structures. Challenges arise when a current-carrying conductor trace traverses the fictitious surface. Hence… Expand

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