An Early Pleistocene Phytolith Record from Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape, South Africa

  title={An Early Pleistocene Phytolith Record from Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape, South Africa},
  author={Lloyd Rossouw},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
  • L. Rossouw
  • Published 11 July 2016
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • African Archaeological Review
Grass silica short cell phytoliths were sampled from the four lowermost archaeological strata in excavation 1 at Wonderwerk Cave and offer an independent record of climatic change during an episode of Early Stone Age hominin occupation at the cave. Linked to differences in growing season temperature and the geographic distribution of C3 and C4 grasses in southern Africa, fossil grass phytoliths were used to trace palaeoenvironmental shifts at the site. The results suggest that Early Pleistocene… 
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