An Early Pleistocene Phytolith Record from Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape, South Africa

@article{Rossouw2016AnEP,
  title={An Early Pleistocene Phytolith Record from Wonderwerk Cave, Northern Cape, South Africa},
  author={Lloyd Rossouw},
  journal={African Archaeological Review},
  year={2016},
  volume={33},
  pages={251-263}
}
  • L. Rossouw
  • Published 11 July 2016
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • African Archaeological Review
Grass silica short cell phytoliths were sampled from the four lowermost archaeological strata in excavation 1 at Wonderwerk Cave and offer an independent record of climatic change during an episode of Early Stone Age hominin occupation at the cave. Linked to differences in growing season temperature and the geographic distribution of C3 and C4 grasses in southern Africa, fossil grass phytoliths were used to trace palaeoenvironmental shifts at the site. The results suggest that Early Pleistocene… 
11 Citations
The palaeoecological context of the Oldowan–Acheulean in southern Africa
TLDR
Multi-proxy data from Wonderwerk Cave reveal that both C3 and C4 grasses and prolonged wetlands formed major components of Early Pleistocene hominin palaeoenvironments in southern Africa, with regional trends distinct from contemporary ones in eastern Africa.
Modelling the effects of CO2 on C3 and C4 grass competition during the mid-Pleistocene transition in South Africa
TLDR
It is shown that low glacial CO2 levels, similar to those at the MPT, lead to the local decline of C3 grasses under conditions of decreased water availability, using a vegetation model (LPX) driven by Atmosphere–Ocean coupled General Climate Model climate reconstructions.
The Oldowan and Early Acheulean Mammalian Fauna of Wonderwerk Cave (Northern Cape Province, South Africa)
We describe and discuss the large vertebrates recovered from the basal layers (Strata 12 and 11) of Excavation 1 at Wonderwerk Cave, a site located in the Kuruman Hills, Northern Cape Province, South
Homo sapiens origins and evolution in the Kalahari Basin, southern Africa
  • Jayne Wilkins
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Evolutionary anthropology
  • 2021
TLDR
The archeological record documents human presence in the Kalahari Basin from the Early Pleistocene onwards, and the region is not abandoned during glacial phases, which adds support to poly‐centric, pan‐African models for the emergence of the authors' species.
Past and Present at Wonderwerk Cave (Northern Cape Province, South Africa)
The Northern Cape Province and neighboring North West Province (Bokone Bophirima) of South Africa provided the first scientific evidence for the centrality of Africa for hominin evolution. In the
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
Evidence for opal phytolith preservation in the Langebaanweg 'E' Quarry Varswater Formation and its potential for palaeohabitat reconstruction
At the end of the Miocene epoch, C4 grasslands began to expand at the expense of tree-, shrub- and forb-dominated C3 ecosystems. While C4 grasses were spreading throughout most regions of the world,
The application of fossil grass-phytolith analysis in the reconstruction of cainozoic environments in the South African interior
TLDR
It is suggested that short cell phytolith association in grasses is primarily driven by a temperature gradient, marked by cool versus warm growing temperatures and reflected by grasses utilizing the C3 and C4 photosynthetic pathway.
Modern phytolith assemblages from the North American Great Plains
TLDR
The analysis of fifty modem phytolith assemblages demonstrates the practicality of opal-phytolith analysis as a surrogate for pollen analysis in the North American Great Plains and provides a basis for interpretation of fossil assemblage from late Quatemary paleosols.
Deposition and Diagenesis in the Earlier Stone Age of Wonderwerk Cave, Excavation 1, South Africa
The Earlier Stone Age (ESA) sequence of Excavation 1 at Wonderwerk Cave is the longest stratified sedimentary sequence associated with hominin occupation in Southern Africa. This sequence has been
Phytoliths and Pollen, the Microscopic Plant Remains in Pliocene Volcanic Sediments Around Laetoli, Tanzania
We analyzed sediment samples collected from several localities at different stratigraphic levels at Laetoli (i.e., Lower Laetolil Beds [LLB], Upper Laetolil Beds [ULB] and the overlying Upper
...
...